Skip to main content

Table 3 Socio-demographic and behavioral correlates of initiating sex among in-school and out-of-school youth aged 15–19 yrs, Ethiopia 2003

From: Khat and alcohol use and risky sex behaviour among in-school and out-of-school youth in Ethiopia

Characteristics Total population Reported sexual initiation (%) Crude odds ratio (95% confidence interval) Adjusted odds ratio* (95% confidence interval) P-value
Sex      
   Female 5,932 620 (10.5) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference)  
   Male 5,806 960 (16.5) 1.70 (1.52, 1.89) 1.12 (0.98, 1.27)  
School status      
   In-school 5,498 286 (5.2) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference)  
   Out-of-school 6,240 1,294 (20.7) 4.76 (4.17,5.44) 3.57 (3.09, 4.12) <0.001
Alcohol intake      
   None or occasional 9,944 939 (9.4) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference)  
   On a weekly basis 1,407 542 (38.5) 6.01 (5.29, 6.82) 3.81 (3.31, 4.39) <0.001
   On a daily basis 115 71 (61.7) 15.5 (10.6, 22.6) 5.75 (3.70, 8.93) <0.001
Khat intake      
   None 10,209 931 (9.1) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference)  
   Occasional 185 92 (49.7) 9.86 (7.33, 13.3) 4.99 (3.56, 7.00) <0.001
   On a weekly basis 840 335 (39.9) 6.61 (5.67, 7.71) 4.18 (3.50, 4.99) <0.001
   On a daily basis 445 210 (47.2) 8.91 (7.31, 10.9) 4.13 (3.26, 5.23) <0.001
Substance use other than Khat**      
   No 11,498 1,423 (12.4) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference)  
   Yes 240 157 (65.4) 13.4 (10.2, 17.6) 2.54 (1.84, 3.51) <0.001
Total 11,738 1,580 (13.5)    
  1. * Terms included in the logistic model were: sex, age, school status, alcohol intake (3 levels), Khat intake (4 levels), and substance use other than Khat.
  2. ** Substance use other than Khat include: Shisha, Benzene, Hashish, Mandrax, Cocaine, or Crack.