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Table 2 Socio-demographic and behavioral correlates of unprotected sex (during the 12 months prior to the interview) among the youth (aged 15–24 yrs), Ethiopia 2003

From: Khat and alcohol use and risky sex behaviour among in-school and out-of-school youth in Ethiopia

Characteristics Total population Reported unprotected sex (%) Crude odds ratio (95% confidence interval) Adjusted odds ratio* (95% confidence interval) P-value
Sex      
   Female 8,234 1,038 (12.6) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference)  
   Male 8,372 1,338 (16.0) 1.32 (1.21, 1.44) 1.13 (1.02, 1.26) 0.02
Age      
   15–19 yrs 11,738 857 (7.3) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference)  
   20–24 yrs 4,862 1,519 (31.2) 5.77 (5.26, 6.33) 2.54 (2.29, 2.81) <0.001
School status      
   In-school 5,502 75 (1.4) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference)  
   Out-of-school 11,104 2,301 (20.7) 18.9 (15.0, 23.9) 8.48 (6.66, 10.8) <0.001
Alcohol intake      
   None 13,004 1,322 (10.2) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference)  
   On a weekly basis 2,838 852 (30.0) 3.79 (3,44, 4.18) 2.02 (1.81, 2.25) <0.001
   On a daily basis 318 148 (46.5) 7.69 (6.13, 9.66) 3.05 (2.38, 3.91) <0.001
Khat intake      
   None 13,438 1,362 (10.1) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference)  
   Occasional 342 114 (33.3) 4.43 (3.52, 5.59) 2.42 (1.86, 3.13) <0.001
   On a weekly basis 1,633 481 (29.5) 3.70 (3.28, 4.18) 2.06 (1.79, 2.36) <0.001
   On a daily basis 717 414 (36.6) 5.12 (4.48, 5.85) 2.26 (1.92, 2.67) <0.001
Substance use other than Khat      
   No 16,034 2,147 (13.4) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference)  
   Yes 572 229 (40.0) 4.32 (3.63, 5.14) 1.19 (0.97, 1.47)  
Total 16,606 2,376 (14.3)    
  1. * Terms included in the logistic model were: sex, age, school status, alcohol intake (3 levels), Khat intake (4 levels), and substance use other than Khat.
  2. ** Substance use other than Khat include: Shisha, Benzene, Hashish, Mandrax, Cocaine, or Crack. (Shisha is a mixture that may include tobacco, honey, hashish and spices and is smoked from an oriental tobacco pipe)