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Table 3 Explaining ethnic differences in birth weight (g) and gestational age (weeks): results of linear regression (differences between Roma and non-Roma infants, standard errors and p-values).

From: Unfavourable birth outcomes of the Roma women in the Czech Republic and the potential explanations: a population-based study

Adjusted for Birth weight Gestational age
  Diff. (SE) p-value Diff. (SE) p-value
Crude -373 (14) < 0.001 -0.92 (0.05) < 0.001
Infants' demographic characteristics (gender and district) -363 (14) < 0.001 -0.89 (0.05) < 0.001
Mothers' demographic characteristics (maternal age, number of pregnancies) -354 (15) < 0.001 -0.87 (0.05) < 0.001
Mothers' social characteristics (education, marital status) -237 (17) < 0.001 -0.73 (0.06) < 0.001
Maternal height and weight -260 (15) < 0.001 -0.80 (0.05) < 0.001
Maternal smoking and alcohol consumption -292 (16) < 0.001 -0.81 (0.05) < 0.001
All covariates listed above -133 (18) < 0.001 -0.57 (0.06) < 0.001