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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of the infants/mothers.

From: Unfavourable birth outcomes of the Roma women in the Czech Republic and the potential explanations: a population-based study

  Non-Roma (n = 8938) Roma (n = 1388) p-value
District    
   Teplice 77% 94% < 0.001
   Prachatice 22% 6%  
Male sex (%) 51% 51% 0.995
Number of pregnancies (%)    
   1 37% 27% < 0.001
   2 30% 22%  
   3+ 33% 51%  
Maternal age group (%)    
   < 19 7% 21% < 0.001
   20–24 38% 38%  
   25–29 34% 24%  
   30–34 15% 10%  
   35+ 5% 6  
Marital status (%)    
   Married 72% 29% < 0.001
   Cohabiting 11% 26%  
   Single 12% 41%  
   Divorced/widowed 5% 4%  
Education (%)    
   Primary or less 15% 81% < 0.001
   Apprenticeship 46% 17%  
   Secondary 33% 2%  
   University 6% 0%  
Maternal height, cm, mean (SD) 166.2 (6.4) 159.4 (7.0) < 0.001
Maternal weight, kg, mean (SD) 62.7 (12.2) 56.7 (11.5) < 0.001
Maternal body mass index, kg/m2, mean (SD) 22.6 (4.0) 22.4 (4.3) 0.01
Maternal smoking (%)    
   Ever 42% 78% < 0.001
   Before pregnancy 35% 73% < 0.001
   During 1st trimester 25% 67% < 0.001
   During 2nd trimester 18% 65% < 0.001
   During 3rd trimester 16% 63% < 0.001
Maternal alcohol consumption, any (%)    
   Before pregnancy 48% 31% < 0.001
   During pregnancy 22% 21% 0.491