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Table 2 Labor and delivery methods and complications; Colorado singleton births, 1998–1999

From: Birth outcomes in Colorado's undocumented immigrant population

  Undocumented immigrants N = 5961 (%) All other women N = 112,943 (%) p-value
Method of delivery    
   Vaginal delivery 80.1 81.7 0.17
   Vaginal after C-Section 3.8 2.4 <.001
   Primary C-Section 10.1 10.9 0.05
   Repeat C-Section 5.1 4.9 0.56
   Forceps/vacuum 9.7 8.6 <.01
Complications of delivery    
   Meconium staining 11.2 4.3 <.001
   Excessive bleeding 2.3 0.8 <.00
   Premature rupture 1.9 2.3 0.06
   Precipitous labor 2.4 1.8 <.01
   Malpresentation 3.5 3.0 0.04
   Cord prolapse 0.7 0.3 <.001
   Fetal distress 8.7 3.6 <.001
   No complications 60.1 73.5 <.001