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Table 5 Methods of Suicide and Undetermined Death in Females in Scotland 1981 – 1999 By Time Period

From: Trends in suicide in Scotland 1981 – 1999: age, method and geography

  1981 to 1985 1986 to 1990 1991 to 1995 1996 to 1999  
Primary Cause No. of Deaths Rate/million No. of Deaths Rate/million No. of Deaths Rate/million No. of Deaths Rate/million % change from first to last time period
Solid or liquid substances 601 45 577 44 570 43 452 43 -4.8
Submersion(drowning) 248 19 159 12 132 10 90 9 -54.1
Hanging, strangulation and suffocation 127 10 95 7 134 10 154 15 53.5
Jumping from high place 89 7 77 6 67 5 49 5 -30.3
Other, unspecified means 60 4 53 4 81 6 83 8 75.1
Other gases and vapours 31 2 51 4 50 4 30 3 22.5
Firearms and explosives 13 1 10 1 6 0.5 3 0.4 -68.9
Cutting and piercing instruments 9 1 8 1 9 1 5 1 -25.0
Late effects of injury 2 0.4 - - 7 1 3 0.4 1.4
Gases in domestic use - - - - 2 0.4 - - -
Total 1,180 88 1,030 78 1,058 80 869 82 -6.8