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Table 4 Methods of Suicide and Undetermined Death in Males in Scotland 1981 – 1999 By Time Period

From: Trends in suicide in Scotland 1981 – 1999: age, method and geography

  1981 to 1985 1986 to 1990 1991 to 1995 1996 to 1999  
Primary Cause No. of Deaths Rate/million No. of Deaths Rate/million No. of Deaths Rate/million No. of Deaths Rate/million % change from first to last time period
Solid or liquid substances 572 46 594 48 768 62 598 60 30.7
Hanging, strangulation and suffocation 562 45 630 51 774 62 880 89 96.8
Submersion(drowning) 353 28 417 34 358 29 268 27 -5.1
Other gases and vapours 288 23 428 35 448 36 225 23 -2.3
Other, unspecified means 169 14 170 14 226 18 231 23 70.9
Firearms and explosives 166 13 119 10 114 9 66 7 -50.3
Jumping from high place 163 13 176 14 203 16 188 19 44.2
Cutting and piercing instruments 40 3 38 3 38 3 38 4 18.8
Gases in domestic use 8 1 7 1 7 1 8 1 33.4
Late effects of injury 3 . 4 8 1 12 1 4 1 99.9
Total 2,324 187 2,587 210 2,948 238 2,506 252 34.8