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Table 3 Prevalence rates of diabetes mellitus and adjusted effects of potential risk factors in adults aged 20 years and older.

From: Prevalence, and associated risk factors, of self-reported diabetes mellitus in a sample of adult urban population in Greece: MEDICAL Exit Poll Research in Salamis (MEDICAL EXPRESS 2002)

Risk factor Prevalence of diabetes Adjusted OR 95% CI P
Age   1.07 1.06–1.08 0.000
Sex*     
   Women† 7.9%   
   Men 9.6% 1.43 1.04–1.95 0.026
Educational level**     
   Higher† 4.1%   
   Moderate 4.2% 0.87 0.46–1.62 NS
   Low 12.9% 1.21 0.71–2.19 NS
Smoking habit**     
   Non smokers† 9.0%   
   Current smokers 6.2% 1.15 0.78–1.69 NS
   Former smokers 15.8% 1.30 0.83–2.03 NS
Hypertension**     
   No† 5.4%   
   Yes 24.4% 2.19 1.60–2.99 0.000
Origin from Salamis*     
   No† 7.9%   
   Yes 9.6% 1.23 0.91–1.66 NS
BMI**     
   <25† 3.4%   
   25–29.9 9.8% 1.97 1.29–3.01 0.001
   ≥30 17.1% 3.76 2.41–5.86 0.000
Family history of diabetes**     
   No† 4.1%   
   Yes 23.9% 6.91 5.11–9.34 0.000
  1. *P > 0.05 (non significant), **P < 0.0001, based on Pearson's chi-square test † Referent group NS = Non Significant (referring to the multivariate analysis)