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Table 3 Perceived possibility of reducing or quitting smoking in response to the earmarked cigarette tax

From: Public opinion regarding earmarked cigarette tax in Taiwan

  Possible quitting or reducing smoking in response to the earmarked cigarette tax among male smokers
   Logistic regression
  Male smokers (n = 803) Male smokers (n = 803) Monthly income less than NT $ 40K (n = 521) Monthly income greater than NT $ 40K (n = 282)
Characteristics % Change smoking behaviour OR OR OR
Age     
   25–34 21.3 1.06 1.10 0.97
   35–44 24.4 1.27 1.30 1.08
   45–54 17.6 0.69 0.80 0.47
    55 23.3 0.68 0.72 -
   Ref: 18–24 24.1 1.00 1.00 1.00
Education     
   Junior high school 21.5 0.73 0.51 4.33
   Higher school 20.7 0.69 0.59 2.51
   Undergraduate or graduate 23.6 0.99 0.85 3.93
   Ref: Preliminary school or lower 25.2 1.00 1.00 1.00
Living area     
   Central and eastern area 25.3 1.38 1.64* 0.96
   Southern area 24.2 1.14 1.31 1.00
   Ref: Northern area 18.9 1.00 1.00 1.00
Married 21.6 0.96 0.77 2.55
   Ref: Unmarried 23.9 1.00 1.00 1.00
Employed 22.3 1.70 1.52 -
   Ref: Unemployed 22.3 1.00 1.00 1.00
Monthly income     
   NT $10,000–19,999 34.5 1.10 1.13 -
   NT $20,000-29,999 26.1 0.65 0.75 -
   NT $30,000–39,999 19.9 0.46 0.56 -
    NT $40,000 17.8 0.38* - -
   Ref: <NT $10,000 26.0 1.00 - -
Monthly expenditure on smoking     
   NT $500–999 22.2 0.59* 0.48* 1.18
   NT $1,000–1999 21.3 0.61* 0.52* 0.99
    NT $2,000 13.3 0.34* 0.28* 0.64
   Ref: < NT $500 31.6 1.00 1.00 1.00
Effective earmarked cigarette tax     
   ≤ NT $5 31.60 1.69* 2.00* 1.00
   > NT $5 21.40 1.10 0.90 1.59
   Ref: Missing 20.10 1.00 1.00 1.00
  1. *p < .05, two-tailed test.