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Table 2 Attitude toward cigarette taxation and perceived effective amount of tax

From: Public opinion regarding earmarked cigarette tax in Taiwan

  Attitude toward cigarette taxation
  Percentage of support Multi-logit regression
  All adults (n = 3279) All adults (n = 3279) Male smokers (n = 803) Male non-smokers (n = 833) Female non-smokers (n = 1575)
Characteristics % Support Favor OR Oppose OR Favor OR Oppose OR Favor OR Oppose OR Favor OR Oppose OR
Smoking status          
   Current smokers 27.4 0.34* 3.57*       
   Former smokers 58.1 0.68* 1.33       
   Ref: Never-smokers 63.1 1.00 1.00       
Female 60.4 1.09 0.89       
   Ref: Male 46.1 1.00 1.00       
Age          
   25–34 53.4 0.76 1.31 0.99 1.18 0.58 2.10 0.73 1.01
   35–44 56.8 1.07 1.22 1.16 1.13 0.83 3.73* 1.06 0.60
   45–54 52.3 0.96 1.00 0.94 0.73 0.45* 1.37 1.30 0.78
    55 43.2 0.97 0.85 1.64 0.89 0.64 2.93 1.96 0.48
   Ref: 18–24 57.3 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Education          
   Junior high school 41.4 1.47* 1.02 1.07 0.85 2.23* 1.73 1.31 0.87
   Higher school 52.7 2.02* 0.94 1.32 0.98 2.54* 1.11 2.17 * 0.73
   Undergraduate or graduate 71.6 3.51* 0.84 1.77 0.77 4.82* 1.42 4.34 * 0.62
   Ref: Preliminary school or lower 38.9 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Living area          
   Central and eastern area 49.6 0.64* 0.65* 0.73 0.64* 0.49* 0.70 0.65 * 0.61 *
   Southern area 48.8 0.88 1.14 1.30 1.32 0.71 0.84 0.85 1.09
   Ref: Northern area 58.8 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Married 53.5 1.32* 1.20 1.30 1.03 1.57 0.87 1.50 * 2.26 *
   Ref: Unmarried 52.9 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Employed 54.7 0.88 1.05 1.59 1.45 0.90 2.27 0.78 0.92
   Ref: Unemployed 50.0 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Monthly income          
   NT $10,000–19,999 48.2 1.29 1.24 0.53 1.05 1.03 0.15* 1.64 * 1.73
   NT $20,000–29,999 51.8 1.81* 1.40 0.66 0.87 2.53 0.84 2.06 * 1.70
   NT $30,000–39,999 56.3 2.13* 1.04 0.66 0.57 2.38 0.43 2.94 * 1.95
    NT $40,000 64.1 2.49* 0.99 1.00 0.61 2.32 0.40 4.00 * 2.86 *
   Ref: <NT $10,000 47.0 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Monthly expenditure on smoking #          
   NT $500-999 26.6    0.92 1.53     
   NT $1,000–1,999 22.2    0.74 1.72*     
    NT $2,000 27.9    1.59 3.35*     
   Ref: < NT $500 33.5    1.00 1.00     
  1. *p < .05, two-tailed test. # the monthly expenditure on smoking was only assessed among smokers.