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Table 2 Clinical characteristics of the participants

From: Epidemiology of cardiovascular risk factors in Greece: aims, design and baseline characteristics of the ATTICA study

  Men (1524 or 50%) Women (1518 or 50%) P
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 126 ± 38 119 ± 36 < 0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 82 ± 30 76 ± 14 < 0.001
Prevalence of hypertension 563 (37%) 379 (25%) < 0.001
Total serum cholesterol (mg/dL) 195 ± 42 191 ± 41 0.017
Prevalence of hypercholesterolemia 701 (46%) 605 (40%) 0.023
HDL-cholesterol (mg/dL) 44 ± 15 52 ± 14 < 0.001
Non-HDL – cholesterol (mg/dL) 155 ± 44 143 ± 40 < 0.001
LDL-cholesterol (mg/dL) 125 ± 38 118 ± 36 0.001
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 138 ± 57 103 ± 56 0.001
Blood glucose (mg/dL) 96 ± 31 90 ± 21 < 0.001
Prevalence of diabetes mellitus 110 (8%) 84 (6%) 0.511
Body mass index (kg/m2) 27.4 ± 4 25.3 ± 5 < 0.001
Obesity 308 (20%) 234 (15%) 0.001