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Table 3 Predictors of initiation and duration of breastfeeding, adjusted analysis

From: Breastfeeding practices in a cohort of inner-city women: the role of contraindications

Predictors of initiation (N = 393)* Adjusted odds ratio† 95% Confidence interval
Mother foreign-born 4.90 2.38–10.10
Supportive friend available 2.27 1.26–4.09
Contraindication to breastfeeding 0.19 0.08–0.47
Mother used tobacco 0.52 0.28–0.98
Supportive relative available 0.46 0.23–0.92
Predictors of breastfeeding discontinuation
(N = 198)‡
Hazards ratio†§ 95% Confidence interval
Mother foreign-born 0.55 0.39–0.77
Maternal age (5-year increments) 0.80 0.69–0.92
Birth weight ≥ 2500 grams 0.45 0.26–0.80
  1. *Complete data available for 342 women who were included in final models. †Delivery hospital was forced into all models but did not contribute significantly. ‡Complete data available for 190 women who were included in final models. §Hazard ratio represents the hazard for discontinuing breastfeeding; a value < 1 indicates a decreased risk of discontinuation.