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Table 3 Age adjusted associations of socio-demographic and smoking factors with poor self-reported health status (SRHS) and self-reported chronic condition (Chronic).

From: A comparison between the effort-reward imbalance and demand control models

Variable Chronic SRHS
Age   
35–39 1.00 1.00
40–44 0.99 1.69*
45–49 1.37 1.77*
50–54 1.88** 1.72*
55–59 2.32** 2.06**
60–64 4.25** 2.50**
Birthplace   
Canada 1.00 1.00
Outside Canada 0.66** 1.32
Education   
Elementary 1.00 1.00
Secondary 0.99 0.75
Apprentice 1.34 0.76
Community College 1.05 0.75
University 0.71 0.60*
Marital status   
Married 1.00 1.00
Unmarried 1.08 1.05
Income/dependant   
<$12,999 1.00 1.00
$13,000–18,749 1.31 0.87
$18,750–28,229 1.34 0.75
>$28,00 1.20 0.65*
Current Smoking status   
No 1.00 1.00
Yes 1.11 1.55**
  1. *p = 0.05–0.01; **p = <0.01