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Table 2 Final results from the multivariate analysis in non-smokers, by sex.

From: The association between secondhand smoke and the risk of developing acute coronary syndromes, among non-smokers, under the presence of several cardiovascular risk factors: The CARDIO2000 case-control study

  Males Females
  Odds ratio 95% CI Odds ratio 95% CI
Passive smoking     
Occasional vs. no exposure 1.25 1.05 – 1.49 1.29 1.04 – 1.61
Regular vs. no exposure 1.97 1.84 – 2.10 2.06 1.93 – 2.21
Hypertension (yes / no) 1.66 1.16 – 2.38 4.96 2.56 – 9.53
Hypercholesterolemia (yes / no) 3.77 2.68 – 5.27 2.19 1.80 – 2.66
Diabetes mellitus (yes / no) 2.04 1.25 – 3.35 2.18 1.02 – 4.69
Family history of CHD (yes / no) 5.11 3.77 – 7.01 3.14 2.68 – 3.67
Physical inactivity (yes / no) 1.10 1.02 – 1.25 1.19 0.87 – 1.63
Education (per 6-year of schooling) 0.87 0.79 – 0.97 0.53 0.46 – 0.60
Depression (yes / no) 1.58 1.25 – 1.99 1.93 1.85 – 2.01
  1. Variables entered in the initial model: age, sex (by design), hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes mellitus, physical inactivity, family history of premature coronary heart disease, education level, annual income and psychological (depression) status