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Table 2 Prevalence of individual CVD risk factors (n = 1,096).

From: Prevalence and determinants of cardiovascular disease risk factors among the residents of urban community housing projects in Malaysia

  Hypertension Hypercholesterolemia Smoking Diabetes Obesity At least one
     High Risk Diabetic Overweight Obese  
Age         
  18 to 29 45 (15.6) 110 (38.2) 35 (12.2) 59 (20.5) 6 (2.1) 28 (9.7) 113 (39.2) 185 (64.2)
  30 to 39 47 (22.1) 100 (46.9) 45 (21.1) 79 (37.1) 11 (5.2) 39 (18.3) 111 (52.1) 181 (85.0)
  40 to 49 109 (42.8) 159 (62.4) 49 (19.2) 109 (42.8) 17 (6.7) 38 (14.9) 164 (64.3) 232 (91.0)
  50 to 59 128 (63.7) 124 (61.7) 28 (13.9) 93 (46.3) 36 (17.9) 31 (15.4) 128 (63.7) 195 (97.0)
  > 60 102 (73.4) 71 (51.1) 22 (15.8) 76 (54.7) 16 (11.5) 22 (15.8) 84 (60.4) 133 (95.7)
  prob. <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001
Education   
  None 42 (53.9) 39 (50.0) 11 (14.1) 33 (42.3) 6 (7.7) 6 (7.7) 43 (55.1) 67 (85.9)
  Primary 109 (58.6) 92 (49.5) 28 (15.1) 80 (43.0) 22 (11.8) 33 (17.7) 112 (60.2) 168 (90.3)
  Secondary 261 (36.4) 386 (53.8) 126 (17.6) 267 (37.2) 53 (7.4) 105 (14.6) 389 (54.2) 610 (85.0)
  Tertiary 19 (16.7) 47 (41.2) 14 (12.3) 36 (31.6) 5 (4.4) 14 (12.3) 56 (49.1) 84 (71.1)
  prob. <0.0001 >0.05 >0.1 <0.05 <0.05 <0.0001
Income   
  < 1,000 97 (50.5) 96 (50.0) 33 (17.2) 77 (40.1) 12 (6.3) 26 (13.5) 95 (49.5) 169 (88.0)
  ≥ 1,000 334 (36.9) 468 (51.8) 146 (16.2) 339 (37.5) 74 (8.2) 132 (14.6) 505 (55.9) 757 (83.7)
  prob. <0.001 >0.1 >0.1 >0.1 >0.1 >0.1
Occupation   
  Paid-employee 137 (29.6) 238 (51.4) 98 (21.2) 171 (36.9) 27 (5.8) 77 (16.6) 250 (54.0) 389 (84.0)
  Self-employed 63 (45.7) 82 (59.4) 39 (28.3) 60 (43.5) 18 (13.0) 15 (10.9) 84 (60.9) 127 (92.0)
  Retiree 30 (71.4) 19 (45.2) 11 (26.2) 23 (54.8) 4 (9.5) 7 (16.7) 25 (59.5) 38 (90.5)
  House maker 113 (47.7) 136 (57.4) 3 (1.3) 92 (38.8) 21 (8.9) 34 (14.4) 143 (60.3) 208 (87.8)
  Others 88 (40.7) 89 (41.2) 28 (13.0) 70 (32.4) 16 (17.4) 25 (11.6) 98 (45.4) 164 (75.9)
  prob. <0.0001 <0.01 <0.0001 <0.01 <0.01 <0.0001
Marital status   
  Single 61 (22.0) 100 (36.1) 35 (12.6) 65 (23.5) 9 (3.3) 25 (9.0) 115 (41.5) 186 (67.2)
  Married 300 (42.8) 404 (57.6) 137 (19.5) 298 (42.5) 62 (8.8) 115 (16.4) 413 (58.9) 632 (90.2)
  Divorced 36 (53.7) 35 (52.2) 6 (9.0) 30 (44.8) 9 (13.4) 8 (11.9) 45 (67.2) 63 (94.0)
  Widow/Widower 34 (66.7) 25 (49.0) 1 (2.0) 23 (45.1) 6 (11.8) 10 (19.6) 27 (52.9) 45 (88.2)
  prob. <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001
Total 431 (39.3) 564 (51.5) 179 (16.3) 416 (38.0) 86 (7.8) 158 (14.4) 600 (54.8) 926 (84.5)