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Table 3 Strategies and programs for NCD prevention and management in China

From: A community-based approach to non-communicable chronic disease management within a context of advancing universal health coverage in China: progress and challenges

Strategies Selected Public Health Programs Selected assessment indicators
• Financial support from each level government
• Advocacy and social mobilization to develop supportive community environment for NCD prevention and control
• Community health education and promotion
• Clarification of NCD prevention and control responsibility by different health facilities (e.g. CDC, NCD specialist, CHC etc.)
• Training health practitioners of CHCs on NCD diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation services
• Comprehensive control for multiple risk factors including health guidance on diet, fitness activity and tobacco control etc.
• Promoting NCD patient self-management model and home services by general practitioners
• Population-based public health interventions:
- Establishing health file
- Providing health education and consultant services
- Screening examination
• Individual-based health interventions:
- Four times follow up visits
- Health guidance
• Knowledge of population on NCDs: ≥ 70%
• Knowledge on blood pressure: ≥ 70%
• Knowledge on blood glucose: ≥ 30%
• Registration rates: hypertension and DM ≥ 60% of local prevalence or national average level
• Management rate of chronic diseases: hypertension ≥ 35%, DM ≥ 30%
• Control rate of chronic diseases: hypertension ≥ 50%, DM ≥ 50%
  1. CHCs: community health centers; CDC: center for disease control; DM: diabetics mellitus; NCD: non-communicable diseases