Skip to main content

Table 1 Participant demographic characteristics for the total sample and for each (randomly assigned) experimental group

From: Nonsmokers’ responses to new warning labels on smokeless tobacco and electronic cigarettes: an experimental study

Characteristic N % No warning label (n = 75),% Current warning label (n = 74),% Lower risks warning label (n = 75),% FDA approved warning label (n = 79),% Graphic warning label (n = 76),% Control (n = 76),%
Gender         
  Male 206 44.1 45.0 38.5 39.2 48.8 50.0 42.5
  Female 249 55.9 55.0 61.5 60.8 51.2 50.0 57.5
Age, years         
  18-29 70 17.2 13.8 16.7 15.2 22.6 15.9 18.8
  30-44 127 27.3 31.3 32.1 27.8 20.2 29.3 23.8
  45-59 134 28.8 28.7 19.2 32.9 27.4 26.8 37.5
  60+ 124 26.7 26.3 32.1 24.1 29.8 28.0 20.0
Race         
  White 232 53.0 55.0 46.2 57.0 57.1 53.7 48.8
  Black or African American 94 20.1 13.8 25.6 24.1 14.3 20.7 22.5
  American Indian or Alaska Native 12 2.7 3.8 3.8 2.5 2.4 1.2 2.5
  Asian 91 18.6 23.8 16.7 12.7 19.0 19.5 20.0
  Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 3 0.8 0.0 2.6 0.0 1.2 1.2 0.0
  Multiple Races 21 4.3 2.5 5.1 3.8 6.0 3.7 5.0
  Unknown 2 0.4 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.3
Education         
  High school or less 81 19.7 15.0 20.5 21.5 16.7 20.7 23.8
  Some college 91 21.9 22.5 20.5 21.5 25.0 24.4 17.5
  Bachelor’s degree or higher 283 58.4 62.5 59.0 57.0 58.3 54.9 58.8
Annual Household Income (thousand USD)
  <25 109 24.6 28.7 33.3 19.0 25.0 19.5 22.5
  25-59.9 181 40.0 40.0 32.1 41.8 39.3 47.6 38.8
  >60 165 35.4 31.3 34.6 39.2 35.7 32.9 38.8
Region         
  Northeast 76 16.4 18.8 12.8 19.0 14.3 13.4 20.0
  Midwest 90 20.5 20.0 25.6 26.6 20.2 18.3 12.5
  South 172 37.5 37.5 33.3 29.1 46.4 41.5 36.3
  West 117 25.7 23.8 28.2 25.3 19.0 26.8 31.3
  1. Note: No significant differences were found between conditions on participant characteristics.