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Table 5 Factors associated with poor ART adherence in the year following delivery

From: Adherence to antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy and the first year postpartum among HIV-positive women in Ukraine

  CASE score ≤11 points (8/99) Fisher’s exact test ≥1 missed dose (31/100) Fisher’s exact test
Age     
<25 years 9% (2/22) p = 0.95 23% (5/22) p = 0.37
25-27 years 7% (1/15)   19% (3/16)  
28-30 years 5% (1/21)   29% (6/21)  
≥31 years 10% (4/40)   40% (16/40)  
Marital status     
Married 6% (3/54) p = 0.13 22% (12/55) p = 0.08
Cohabiting 19% (4/21)   38% (8/21)  
Single 4% (1/24)   46% (11/24)  
Lives with family     
No 8% (6/75) p = 1.00 30% (23/76) p = 0.80
Yes 9% (2/23)   35% (8/23)  
Lives with partner     
No 10% (2/21) p = 0.68 48% (10/21) p = 0.11
Yes 8% (6/77)   27% (21/78)  
Disclosed HIV status to anyone     
No 14% (1/7) p = 0.46 71% (5/7) p= 0.03
Yes 8% (7/91)   28% (26/92)  
Current smoker     
No 6% (4/71) p = 0.20 25% (18/72) p= 0.03
Yes 15% (4/26)   50% (13/26)  
History of drug use (other than marijuana)     
No 8% (6/78) p = 0.63 28% (22/79) p = 0.08
Yes 12% (2/17)   53% (9/17)  
Using treatment adherence programme     
No 7% (4/60) p = 0.71 38% (23/61) p = 0.08
Yes 10% (4/39)   21% (8/39)  
Self-efficacy score     
≥5 (higher self-efficacy) 5% (3/55) p= 0.05 36% (20/55) p = 0.32
<5 (lower self-efficacy) 27% (3/11)   55% (6/11)  
Positive depression screen     
No 7% (5/71) p = 0.68 28% (20/72) p = 0.46
Yes 11% (3/27)   37% (10/27)  
Severity of ART side effects     
Not bothered or only slightly 8% (6/74) p = 1.00 29% (22/75) p = 0.46
Somewhat or terribly bothered 8% (2/24)   38% (9/24)  
  1. p values ≤0.5 are indicated in bold.