Skip to main content

Table 2 Determinants associated with correct answers, estimated by univariable analysis

From: Knowledge about tuberculosis among undergraduate health care students in 15 Italian universities: a cross-sectional study

Correct answers Increasing age Gender To be a medical student Previous TST
TB is an infectious disease caused by various strains of Mycobacteria genus, mainly M. tuberculosis OR = 1.05 OR = 0.91 OR = 3.16 OR = 0.49
95% CI = 0.98-1.12 95% CI = 0.62-1.36 95% CI = 3.28-17.1 95% CI = 0.31-0.77
p = 0.12 p = 0.67 p < 0.0001 p = 0.002
TB does not affect only the lungs OR = 1.09 OR = 1.15 OR = 2.44 OR = 0.41
95% CI = 1.05-1.13 95% CI = 0.93-1.42 95% CI = 7.46-17.33 95% CI = 0.33-0.52
p < 0.0001 p = 0.178 p < 0.0001 p < 0.0001
The most frequent outcome of the M. tuberculosis infection is the latent TB infection OR = 1.11 OR = 1.27 OR = 4.36 OR = 0.79
95% CI = 1.08-1.15 95% CI = 1.06-1.52 95% CI = 3.47-5.50 95% CI = 0.66-0.95
p < 0.0001 p = 0.011 p < 0.0001 p = 0.013
Most of 50% of patients affected by active tuberculosis died OR = 1.00 OR = 0.86 OR = 0.76 OR = 0.97
95% CI = 0.98-1.02 95% CI = 0.71-1-03 95% CI = 0.63-0.93 95% CI = 0.81-1.17
p = 0.92 p = 0.108 p = 0.007 p = 0.77
The treatment of the tuberculosis need the long-time use of antibiotics OR = 1.13 OR = 1.46 OR = 5.87 OR = 0.40
95% CI = 1.09-1.18 95% CI = 1.18-1.80 95% CI = 4.24-8.12 95% CI = 0.32-0.51
p < 0.0001 p < 0.0001 p < 0.0001 p < 0.0001
The multidrug resistence of some strains of M. tuberculosis is an emergent concern OR = 1.05 OR = 1.21 OR = 4.04 OR = 0.49
95% CI = 1.01-1.08 95% CI = 0.97-1.50 95% CI = 2.96-5.51 95% CI = 0.39-0.62
p = 0.005 p = 0.088 p < 0.0001 p < 0.0001
A vaccine against tuberculosis is available OR = 1.00 OR = 1.04 OR = 1.50 OR = 1.20
95% CI = 0.97-1.04 95% CI = 0.79-1.35 95% CI = 1.10-2.03 95% CI = 0.92-1.56
p = 0.78 p = 0.79 p = 0.009 p = 0.171
The effectiveness of anti-tuberculosis vaccine is quite low OR = 1.04 OR = 1.19 OR = 2.91 OR = 0.52
95% CI = 1.01-1.06 95% CI = 0.98-1.43 95% CI = 2.31-3.66 95% CI = 0.43-0.63
p = 0.007 p = 0.078 p < 0.0001 p < 0.0001
The TB vaccine is prepared with the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin OR = 1.07 OR = 1.47 OR = 5.59 OR = 0.62
95% CI = 1.94-1.09 95% CI = 1-24-1.77 95% CI = 4.54-6.89 95% CI = 0.52-0.75
p < 0.0001 p < 0.0001 p < 0.0001 p < 0.0001
TST is not a vaccine OR = 1.04 OR = 1.09 OR = 1.44 OR = 1.42
95% CI = 1.01-1.09 95% CI = 0.82-1.42 95% CI = 1.06-1.96 95% CI = 1.09-1.85
p = 0.04 p = 0.558 p = 0.021 p = 0.009
TST is not a laboratory test to detect M. tuberculosis in the sputum OR = 1.07 OR = 1.14 OR = 4.32 OR = 0.66
95% CI = 1.04-1.10 95% CI = 0.94-1.38 95% CI = 3.32-5.60 95% CI = 0.54-0.80
p < 0.0001 p = 0.189 p < 0.0001 p < 0.0001
TST is not a drug for M. tuberculosis infection OR = 1.05 OR = 1.22 OR = 4.05 OR = 0.71
95% CI = 1.03-1.08 95% CI = 1.02-1.45 95% CI = 3.39-4.99 95% CI = 0.59-0.85
p < 0.0001 p = 0.028 p < 0.0001 p < 0.0001