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Table 8 Theoretical framework and risk behaviour

From: A scoping review of risk behaviour interventions in young men

Theoretical framework Physical inactivity Poor diet Alcohol use Tobacco smoking Recreational drug use Unsafe sexual behaviour Violence Unsafe vehicle driving Gambling Tanning/sun exposure Self-harm Multiple risk behaviour Total
Included young adult male participants only  
Trans-Theoretical Model 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Integrated Model of Behaviour Theory 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Social Cognitive Theory + Trans-Theoretical Model 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Not stated 17 1 4 0 0 12 0 2 0 1 0 5*, ****, †, ‡, § 42
Total 18 1 4 1 0 14 0 2 0 1 0 5 46
Studies with outcomes stratified by age and/or sex to include young adult males  
Social Cognitive Theory 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
Trans-Theoretical Model 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1** 2
Health Promotion Model 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1* 1
Self-Regulation Theory 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Theory of Cognitive conditioning 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Process of Change Theory 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1* 1
Social Cognitive Theory + Trans-Theoretical Model 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Community Organization Model + Behaviour Change Model. 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Trans-Theoretical Model + Health Belief Model 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Trans-Theoretical Model + Health Belief Model + Theory of Planned Behaviour 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Not stated 7 2 18 0 1 6 0 3 0 0 0 2**, *** 39
Total 9 4 21 3 2 7 0 3 0 0 0 5 54
Overall total 27 5 25 4 2 21 0 5 0 1 0 10 100
  1. * Poor diet and Physical inactivity.
  2. ** Alcohol use and Recreational drug use.
  3. *** Alcohol use and Unsafe sexual behaviour.
  4. **** Poor diet, physical inactivity and tobacco smoking.
  5. Alcohol use and physical inactivity.
  6. Unsafe vehicle driving and alcohol use.
  7. §Tobacco smoking, alcohol use and recreational drug use.