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Table 4 Logistic regression analysis comparing the odds of diabetes mellitus in target population, adjusting for age, race, exercise, and year

From: Diabetes in US women on the rise independent of increasing BMI and other risk factors; a trend investigation of serial cross-sections

Variable Diagnosis of diabetesa No diagnosis of diabetes OR* 95% CI
130, 532 (11.2) 1, 037, 886 (88.8)
BMI b    
  BMI = 25 21, 843 (16.7) 466, 459 (44.9) 1
  BMI > 25 108, 689 (83.3) 571, 427(55.1) 3.57 (3.52-3.63)
Age, years    
  18 to 24 432 (0.3) 36,326 (3.5) 1
  25 to 34 2, 589 (2.0) 110,632 (10.7) 1.82 (1.64-2.02)
  35 to 44 7, 519 (5.8) 162,467 (15.7) 3.65 (3.31-4.02)
  45 to 54 19, 493 (14.9) 213,389 (20.6) 7.16 (6.50-7.88)
  55 to 64 35, 269 (27.0) 211,588 (20.4) 13.11 (11.91-14.43)
  65 or older 65, 230 (50.0) 303,484 (29.2) 18.46 (16.77-20.31)
Exercise c    
  Yes 72, 466 (55.5) 768, 035 (74.0) 1
  No 58, 066 (44.5) 269, 851 (26.0) 1.74 (1.72-1.76)
Race    
  Non Hispanic White 91,180 (69.9) 830, 889 (80.1) 1
  Non Hispanic Black 19, 805 (15.2) 83, 702 (8.1) 2.19 (2.15-2.23)
  Hispanic 11, 383 (8.7) 70, 088 (6.8) 1.88 (1.84-1.92)
  Other (non-Hispanic ethnicities) 8, 164 (6.3) 53, 207 (5.1) 1.87 (1.82-1.91)
Year    
  2006 19, 250 (14.7) 178, 388 (17.2) 1
  2007 26, 287 (20.1) 217, 214 (20.9) 1.07 (1.04-1.09)
  2008 25, 760 (19.7) 207, 873(20.0) 1.05 (1.03-1.07)
  2009 28, 292 (21.7) 213, 836 (20.6) 1.08 (1.06-1.10)
  2010 30, 943 (23.7) 220, 575 (21.3) 1.10 (1.08-1.13)
  1. *Adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals are from multivariable logistic regression models.
  2. aSelf-report of diabetes mellitus diagnosed by a doctor.
  3. bCalculations based on self-report height and weight measures.
  4. cPhysical activity other than their regular job in the past 30 days.