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Table 2 Characteristics of survey respondents by Body Mass Index (BMI)

From: Diabetes in US women on the rise independent of increasing BMI and other risk factors; a trend investigation of serial cross-sections

Variable Body mass indexa Body mass index pvalue*
  (BMI) ≤ 25 (BMI) > 25  
  488,302 (42.0) 680,116 (58.0)  
Age, years    
  18 to 24 21,368 (4.0) 15,390 (2.0) <0.0001
  25 to 34 53, 752 (11.0) 59, 469 (9.0)  
  35 to 44 76, 210 (16.0) 93, 776 (14.0)  
  45 to 54 93, 381 (19.0) 139, 501 (21.0)  
  55 to 64 88, 360 (18.0) 158, 497(23.0)  
  65 or older 155, 231 (32.0) 213, 483 (31.0)  
Exercise b    
  Yes 382, 467 (78.0) 458, 034 (67.0) <0.0001
  No 105, 835 (22.0) 222, 082 (33.0)  
Race    
  Non Hispanic White 53, 752 (19.0) 59, 469 (17.0) <0.0001
  Non Hispanic Black 76, 210 (28.0) 93, 776 (26.0)  
  Hispanic 93, 381 (34.0) 139, 501 (40.0)  
  Other (non-Hispanic ethnicities) 53, 752 (19.0) 59, 469 (17.0)  
Year    
  2006 86,270 (18.0) 111, 368 (16.0)  
  2007 102, 254 (21.0) 141, 247 (21.0)  
  2008 97, 641(20.0) 135, 992 (20.0)  
  2009 99, 456 (20.0) 142, 672 (21.0)  
  2010 102. 681 (21.0) 148, 837 (22.0) <0.0001
  1. *p values based on Pearson chi-square test of association.
  2. aCalculations based on self-report height and weight measures.
  3. bPhysical activity other than their regular job in the past 30 days.