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Table 5 Prevalence ratios (PRs) of high blood pressure among dietary patterns

From: Association of dietary pattern and body weight with blood pressure in Jiangsu Province, China

Dietary pattern % Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
‘Traditional’     
  Q1 21.1 1 1 1
  Q2 28.2 1.34 (1.09-1.65) 1.37 (1.10-1.71) 1.30 (1.05-1.61)
  Q3 28.0 1.33 (1.09-1.62) 1.37 (1.10-1.71) 1.51 (1.21-1.88)
  Q4 28.7 1.36 (1.11-1.66) 1.39 (1.12-1.71) 1.47 (1.18-1.82)
  P for trend   0.006 0.007 0.001
‘Macho’     
  Q1 29.9 1 1 1
  Q2 27.0 0.90 (0.76-1.08) 0.90 (0.76-1.07) 0.92 (0.77-1.09)
  Q3 25.8 0.86 (0.72-1.03) 0.85 (0.71-1.02) 0.82 (0.69-0.98)
  Q4 24.1 0.81 (0.67-0.97) 0.80 (0.66-0.96) 0.78 (0.65-0.94)
  P for trend   0.02 0.02 0.004
‘Sweet tooth’     
  Q1 31.8 1   
  Q2 27.5 0.86 (0.73-1.02) 0.84 (0.71-1.00) 0.86 (0.73-1.02)
  Q3 24.0 0.76 (0.63-0.91) 0.72 (0.60-0.86) 0.75 (0.62-0.90)
  Q4 23.4 0.74 (0.61-0.89) 0.67 (0.55-0.82) 0.71 (0.58-0.86)
  P for trend   0.0004 < 0.0001 0.0001
‘Healthy’     
  Q1 26.5 1 1 1
  Q2 26.1 0.98 (0.82-1.18) 0.99 (0.82-1.19) 0.92 (0.77-1.10)
  Q3 25.7 0.97 (0.80-1.17) 0.97 (0.81-1.17) 0.88 (0.74-1.06)
  Q4 28.6 1.08 (0.90-1.29) 1.09 (0.91-1.30) 0.89 (0.74-1.07)
  P for trend   0.45 0.19 0.19
  1. Q1 is the lowest quartile, Q4 is the highest quartile.
  2. Model 1 crude model.
  3. Model 2 adjusted by household, age and gender.
  4. Model 3 additionally adjusted by SES, BMI, physical activity and energy intake.