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Table 3 Odds ratio comparing dietary habits, snack intake and snack purchase in an average student within an intervention school versus a control school at post-intervention, controlling for baseline measures†

From: Promoting healthy eating and physical activity among school children: findings from Health-E-PALS, the first pilot intervention from Lebanon

  Odds Ratio 95% CI
Dietary habits ¥   
Breakfast intake 3.50* 1.80; 6.90
Eating in front of TV 0.44* 0.23; 0.85
Number of snacks per day £ 0.62 0.34; 1.15
Eating out per week £ 0.70 0.35; 1.38
Consumption of snacks between meals ¥   
Chips 0.14* 0.11; 0.19
Chocolate 0.54 0.25; 1.15
Soft drinks‡ 0.31* 0.18; 0.51
Sweetened drinks§ 0.47 0.16; 1.40
Fruit 1.65 0.87; 3.10
Sandwich 1.50 0.78; 2.90
Snacks bought from School shop ¥   
Chips 0.16* 0.04, 0.61
Chocolate 0.29* 0.12; 0.66
Soft drinks‡ 0.12* 0.04; 0.29
Sweetened drinks§ 0.40 0.15; 1.07
Manoushe^ 0.80 0.40; 1.50
Croissant 0.64 0.34; 1.12
  1. †Baseline measure refers to the response provided at pre intervention *Significant at p < 0.05.
  2. ‡Include carbonated beverages § Include artificial juices and drink. ^Lebanese pastry.
  3. ¥Reference group is “No” £ Reference group is “Less than 3”.