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Table 5 Cardiovascular risk factors (mean ± SD) per food pattern among score tertiles

From: Dietary intake practices associated with cardiovascular risk in urban and rural Ecuadorian adolescents: a cross-sectional study

  Population Tertile 1 Tertile 2 Tertile 3 β % P
“Rice-non animal fat pattern
BMIa (kg/m2) Overall 20.6±3.2 20.2±3.2 20.0±2.9 −12.7 0.41
Waist circumference (cm) Overall 71.0±8.3 69.2±8 70.3±7.7 −19.6 0.57
SBPb (mmHg) Overall 102.2±9.7 101.3±10.2 101.3±10.1 −23.6 0.58
DBPc (mmHg) Overall 62.8±8.8 62.1±8.8 62.0±8.6 −23.5 0.51
Glucose (mg/dL) Rural 73.7±3.5 73.6±9.0 72.6±8.8 −1.5 0.41
  Urban 72.7±7.2 77.3±21.4 77.9±10.4 3.3 <0.01
Triglycerides (mg/dL) Overall 90.9±56.7 105.5±61.6 97.5±45.9 1.4 0.80
Cholesterol (mg/dL) Overall 144.4±27.1 150.3±28.8 145.9±38.9 −1.4 0.95
HDLd (mg/dL) Overall 52.8±12.8 50.1±12.0 47.1±11.1 −3.7 0.93
LDLe (mg/dL) Overall 73.4±22.1 79.0±24.0 79.3±36.6 −0.9 0.93
“Wheat-animal fat pattern”
BMI (kg/m2) Overall 20.3±3.1 20.4±3.2 20.2±3.1 −7.9 0.51
Waist circumference (cm) Overall 70.0±7.7 70.2±8.3 70.3±8.1 1.5 0.97
SBP (mmHg) Rural 99.9±6.5 99.3±11.1 99.0±10.2 −70.8 0.06
  Urban 102.3±9.9 101.9±9.9 102.6±9.8 17.1 0.69
DBP (mmHg) Overall 62.4±8.7 62.0±8.6 62.5±8.9 −17.2 0.83
Glucose (mg/dL) Overall 74.0±8.2 76.5±18.9 74.0±8.6 −0.2 0.98
Triglycerides (mg/dL) Overall 100.0±58.6 99.4±57.1 94.7±48.6 2.2 0.58
Cholesterol (mg/dL) Rural 137.0±45.4 152.4±33.2 155.2±33.9 3.7 0.02
  Urban 144.8±25.9 149.3±26.9 137.4±41.4 −1.9 0.20
HDL (mg/dL) Overall 49.0±12.6 51.0±12.3 49.5±11.3 −0.3 0.86
LDL (mg/dL) Rural 74.5±26.6 79.4±26.8 87.8±31.7 8.4 0.04
  Urban 73.3±21.9 78.9±22.8 71.6±39.2 4.3 0.17
  1. aBody mass index, bSystolic blood pressure, cDiastolic blood pressure, dHigh density lipoprotein, eLow density lipoprotein.
  2. Differences using linear regression models adjusted for UBN, place of residence and gender when necessary. Data were stratified by rural and urban settings when interaction terms were statistically significan.