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Table 4 Nutrient content (median 25 th -75 th ) of food patterns among score tertiles

From: Dietary intake practices associated with cardiovascular risk in urban and rural Ecuadorian adolescents: a cross-sectional study

  Population Tetile 1 Tertile 2 Tertile 3 β% P
“Rice-non animal fat pattern
Energy (kcal) Rural 1925 [1119;2117] 1516 [1332;1884] 1857 [1551;2177] 14.6 0.02
  Urban 1853 [1483;2296] 1730 [1418;2073] 2037 [1778;2406] 3.3 0.04
Carbohydrates (E%) Overall 56.0 [ 51.6; 60.4] 61.2 [ 57.5; 65.1] 63.7 [ 60.4; 67.6] 5.6 <0.01
 Other CH (E%) Overall 37.5 [ 37.5; 41.7] 44.8 [ 41.1; 48.6] 51.9 [ 46.3; 56.2] 14.5 <0.01
 Added Sugar (E%) Overall 18.2 [ 14.4; 22.8] 15.9 [ 13.0; 19.2] 12.6 [ 9.3; 15.5] −16.6 <0.01
 Fiber (g) Overall 11.0 [ 8.0; 15.1] 10.3 [ 7.4; 14.0] 12.4 [ 8.6; 18.2] 3.8 0.16
Total fat (E%) Rural 25.3 [ 23.1; 27.8] 22.2 [ 19.7; 23.5] 21.4 [ 17.8; 23.9] −7.0 0.05
  Urban 28.3 [ 24.7; 32.4] 24.6 [ 21.8; 27.6] 22.0 [ 19.8; 24.5] −11.3 <0.01
Protein (E%) Overall 14.2 [ 12.7; 15.8] 13.3 [ 11.8; 15.0] 12.7 [ 11.0; 14.7] −2.9 0.04
Sodium (mg) Rural 1728 [1175;2581] 1842 [1478;2278] 2214 [1829;2775] 20.3 0.01
  Urban 2356 [1736;3138] 2057 [1666;2697] 2422 [1960;3010] 1.6 0.45
“Wheat-animal fat pattern”
Energy (kcal) Overall 1836 [1516;2196] 1772 [1418;2124] 1919 [1585;2263] 0.8 0.53
Carbohydrates (E%) Overall 62.2 [57.8;66.8] 60.7 [56.3;64.6] 58.5 [ 53.9; 63.0] −2.6 <0.01
 Other CH (E%) Overall 47.1 [41.3;52.6] 44.4 [38.9;50.0] 42.2 [ 35.8; 48.1] −3.4 <0.01
 Added Sugar (E%) Overall 15.0 [11.3;19.2] 15.7 [12.9;18.8] 15.5 [ 12.0; 19.6] −1.2 0.58
 Fiber (g) Rural 15.9 [11.1;24.4] 10.3 [6.9;13.0] 9.9 [ 8.4; 15.7] −23.5 0.01
  Urban 12.9 [9.3;19.0] 10.7 [7.0;14.7] 10.0 [7.6;13.2] −13.6 <0.01
Total fat (E%) Overall 22.4 [19.0;26.6] 24.3 [21.5;27.7] 25.8 [22.8;30.4] 6.8 <0.01
Protein (E%) Overall 13.1 [11.3;14.9] 13.3 [11.9;15.2] 14.1 [12.0;15.7] 1.0 0.35
Sodium (mg) Overall 2058 [1613;2745] 2106 [1640;2797] 2454 [1949;3110] 6.0 <0.01
  1. Differences using linear regression models adjusted for UBN, place of residence and gender where appropriate. Data were stratified by rural and urban settings when interaction terms were statistically significant.