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Table 2 Energy sources per day (median 25 th -75 th ) in order of importance according to UBN and place of residence

From: Dietary intake practices associated with cardiovascular risk in urban and rural Ecuadorian adolescents: a cross-sectional study

Energy sources Overall (n = 779) UBNa    Place of residence   
Poor Better off β% P Rural Urban β% P
White Rice (E%)b 23.0 [16.2;29.6] 25.4 [19.7;32.4] 19.0 [12.8;25.9] −22.0 <0.01 27.6 [23.0;33.7] 21.4 [14.7;28.3] −22.1 <0.01
Processed Foodc (E%) 19.3 [13.4;24.8] 18.4 [12.6;23.5] 21.3 [15.3;27.1] 17.5 <0.01 17.6 [11.7;22.7] 20.1 [14.1;25.7] 6.7 0.28
Refined Wheat (E%) 10.4 [6.5;14.7] 10.3 [6.3;14.2] 10.4 [6.8;15.1] −3.0 0.67 10.7 [5.8;14.7] 10.3 [6.7;14.7] 7.0 0.35
Dairy (E%) 7.1 [3.6;10.9] 6.3 [3;9.7.0] 8.2 [4.9;11.8] 10.5 0.11 4.6 [2.1;7.7] 7.9 [4.4;11.5] 57.5 <0.01
Red Meat (E%) 6.2 [3.5;9.7] 5.6 [3.1;9.1] 7.1 [4.2;11.0] 6.1 0.26 4.3 [2.1;7.4] 6.8 [4.0;10.5] 32.1 <0.01
Poultry (E%) 4.8 [1.5;8.5] 4.7 [1.6;9.5] 5.2 [1.6;8.5] 2.2 0.82 3.6 [1.2;7.1] 5.3 [1.7;8.7] 14.1 0.17
Vegetable Oils (E%) 3.8 [2.5;5.3] 5.4 [2.6;5.4] 3.6 [2.4;5.2] −12 0.02 3.8 [2.4;5.0] 3.8 [2.6;5.4] 14.3 0.11
Total fruit (E%) 3.0 [1.4;3.5] 3.2 [1.5;5.7] 2.9 [1.3;5.3] −7.6 0.31 2.9 [1.4;5.4] 3.1 [1.5;5.6] 6.2 0.52
Tubers (E%) 2.4 [1.3;4.0] 2.5 [1.5;4.2] 2.1 [1.1;3.6] −6.9 0.43 3.1 [2.2;5.1] 2.1 [1.1;3.6] −39.3 <0.01
Animal fat (E%) 1.2 [0.3;3.1] 1.1 [0.3;2.5] 1.3 [0.3;3.5] 24.3 0.08 1.1 [0.4;2.1] 1.2 [0.3;3.3] 11.3 0.37
Whole grain cereals (E%) 0.1 [0.0;0.2] 0.1 [0.0;0.3] 0.1 [0.0;0.2] −27.0 0.11 0.1 [0.0;0.3] 0.1 [0;0.2.0] 23.5 0.42
Vegetables (E%) 0.7 [0.4;1.0] 0.7 [0.4;1.1] 0.6 [0.4;0.9] −1.1 0.86 0.8 [0.5;1.2] 0.6 [0.3;1.0] −15.3 0.18
Fish and Seafood (E%) 0.5 [0.0;3.1] 0.6 [0.0;2.8] 0.5 [0.0;3.1] 8.0 0.65 0.7 [0.0;4.3] 0.5 [0;2.6.0] −30.9 0.20
Whole grain cereals (E%) 0.1 [0.0;0.2] 0.1 [0.0;0.3] 0.1 [0.0;0.2] −27 0.11 0.1 [0.0;0.3] 0.1 [0;0.2.0] 23.5 0.42
Other sourcesd (E%) 6.1 [2.4;11.2] 5.9 [2.3;11.8] 6.1 [2.4;10.4] 7.1 0.36 6.9 [3.1;15.3] 5.9 [2.3;10.5] −11.2 0.07
  1. aUnsatisfied basic needs. bEnergy percentage. cProcessed food includes sweets, snacks, soft drinks and any other packaged food item. dOther sources includes: plantain, maize, other cereals, oilseeds, legumes spices and coffee.
  2. Differences using linear regression models adjusted for gender UBN and place of residence where appropriate.