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Table 1 Macronutrient, sodium and added sugar intake per day (median 25 th -75 th ) according to UBN and place of residence

From: Dietary intake practices associated with cardiovascular risk in urban and rural Ecuadorian adolescents: a cross-sectional study

Nutrients Overall (n = 779) UBNa    Place of residence   
Poor Better off β% P Rural Urban β% P
Energy (kcal) 1851 [1507;2217] 1837 [1495;2161] 1857 [1528;2272] 0.1 0.95 1766 [1465;2076] 1863 [1528;2251] 4.3 0.08
Carbohydrates (E%)b 60.7 [55.7;64.9] 62.3 [57.7;65.9] 58.4 [53.9;62.9] −3.2 0.01 63.8 [61.0;68.0] 59.2 [54.7;63.5] −8.0 <0.01
 Other CH (E%) 44.4 [38.8;50.8] 47.1 [42.0;52.9] 40.7 [35.4;46.3] −8.7 <0.01 51.0 [46.9;55.4] 42.2 [36.9;47.8] −14.9 <0.01
 Added Sugar (E%) 15.4 [12.0;19.2] 14.4 [11.1;17.8] 16.5 [13.4;21] 15.4 <0.01 13.4 [9.9;16.4] 15.9 [12.8;19.9] 14.6 0.05
 Fiber (g) 11.1 [8.0;16.0] 11.1 [8.2;16.3] 10.9 [7.9;15.2] −1.8 0.63 12.3 [8.7;17.9] 10.8 [7.9;15.2] −13.7 <0.01
Total Fat (E%) 24.2 [21.3;28.2] 23.1 [20.4;26.7] 25.8 [22.4;30.1] 5.2 <0.01 21.8 [18.6;24.3] 25.0 [21.9;29.1] 16.0 <0.01
Protein (E%) 13.4 [11.7;15.3] 13.0 [11.4;14.6] 14.2 [12.2;15.8] 4.2 0.04 12.0 [10.6;13.4] 13.8 [12.1;15.6] 11.5 <0.01
Sodium (mg) 2228 [1733;2907] 2099 [1672;2709] 2360 [1811;3087] 6.0 0.05 2038 [1596;2575] 2284 [1777;2991] 8.0 0.01
  1. aUnsatisfied basic needs. bEnergy percentage. Differences using linear regression models.