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Table 4 Fixed effects linear regression model of living arrangement, education/employment, income, and deprivation as exposure variables and frequency of hazardous drinking episodes per month as outcome variable

From: Do changes in social and economic factors lead to changes in drinking behavior in young adults? Findings from three waves of a population based panel study

Model 1: Crude modelsb 2: Full modelc
Variable β 95% CI β 95% CI
Living arrangement     
Other multiperson household 0.49 0.00,0.97 0.29 -0.20,0.79
One person household 0.50 0.04,0.97 0.33 -0.14,0.81
Couple only or with others -0.28 -0.70,0.13 -0.42 -0.85,0.00
Family household (in parent role) -0.99 -1.58,-0.41 -1.17 -1.76,-0.57
Family household (in child role) (ref.) 0   0  
p-value a   < 0.0001   < 0.0001
Education/Employment     
Not in education - employed -0.01 -0.43,0.41 -0.18 -0.65,0.30
Not in education – not employed (NEET) 0.09 -0.44,0.63 -0.09 -0.63,0.45
In education - employed -0.08 -0.50,0.34 -0.20 -0.66,0.27
In education -not employed (ref.) 0   0  
p-value a   0.9066   0.8668
Increase in log personal income 0.12 -0.03,0.26 0.12 -0.05,0.29
p-value a   0.1064   0.1512
One decile increase in area deprivation 0.06 0.01,0.11 0.06 0.00,0.12
p-value a   0.0277   0.0513
One unit increase in individual deprivation 0.20 0.07,0.33 0.25 0.11,0.39
p-value a   0.0030   0.0005
  1. aType III Wald tests, which for multichotomous categorical variables (e.g. labour force status) provides a statistical test of the whole construct (not just one non-referent compared to referent comparison).
  2. bThe crude models include each of the independent variables individually.
  3. cThe full model includes all independent variables.