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Table 2 Distribution and transitions of social and economic exposure variables for all young adult respondents (N = 1,260; percentages in parentheses for non-missing respondents and data)

From: Do changes in social and economic factors lead to changes in drinking behavior in young adults? Findings from three waves of a population based panel study

Exposure variable/transitiona,b Wave 3 Wave 3 to 5 transition Wave 5 Wave 5 to 7 transition Wave 7
Living arrangement
Family household (in child role) 620 (52.2%)   440 (38.1%)   350 (30.6%)
Family household (in parent role) 125 (10.6%)   190 (16.5%)   275 (24.0%)
Couple only or with others 190 (16.1%)   250 (21.6%)   285 (24.9%)
One person household 120 (10.2%)   160 (13.9%)   140 (12.2%)
Other multiperson household 125 (10.6%)   115 (10.0%)   95 (8.3%)
Change in living arrangement   370 (34.1%)   365 (34.4%)  
No change in living arrangement   715 (65.9%)   695 (65.6%)  
Education/Employment
In education - not employed 235 (18.7%)   135 (10.7%)   115 (9.1%)
In education - employed 375 (29.8%)   315 (24.9%)   245 (19.4%)
Not in education – not employed (NEET) 145 (11.5%)   145 (11.5%)   155 (12.3%)
Not in education-employed 505 (40.1%)   670 (53.0%)   750 (59.3%)
Change in education/employment   595 (47.2%)   530 (41.9%)  
No change in education/employment   665 (52.8%)   735 (58.1%)  
Log personal income - CPI adjusted
Mean (s.d.) 9.26 (1.15)   9.72 (0.96)   9.98 (0.89)
Increase in personal income by > 0.5 s.d .   460 (36.5%)   330 (26.1%)  
No change   670 (53.2%)   785 (62.1%)  
Decrease in personal income by 0.5 s.d.   130 (10.3%)   150 (11.7%)  
Area deprivation
Quintile 1 (least deprived) 230 (18.8%)   200 (16.5%)   210 (17.2%)
Quintile 2 215 (17.6%)   230 (18.9%)   225 (18.4%)
Quintile 3 245 (20.0%)   265 (21.8%)   250 (20.5%)
Quintile 4 295 (24.1%)   255 (21.0%)   290 (23.8%)
Quintile 5 (most deprived) 240 (19.6%)   265 (21.8%)   245 (20.1%)
Increase in area deprivation   240 (20.3%)   235 (20.0%)  
No change   700 (59.3%)   710 (60.4%)  
Decrease in area deprivation   240 (20.3%)   230 (19.6%)  
Individual deprivation
Nil deprivation factors (least deprived) 750 (61.0%)   735 (60.0%)   665 (54.7%)
1 deprivation factor 240 (19.5%)   275 (22.5%)   270 (22.2%)
2 deprivation factors 115 (9.4%)   110 (9.0%)   150 (12.3%)
3-4 deprivation factors 95 (7.7%)   80 (6.5%)   100 (8.2%)
5 or more deprivation factors (most deprived) 30 (2.4%)   25 (2.0%)   30 (2.5%)
Increase in individual deprivation   255 (21.8%)   195 (18.6%)  
No change   665 (56.8%)   670 (63.8%)  
Decrease in individual deprivation   250 (1.4%)   185 (7.6%)  
  1. aNote that all counts are random rounded to a near multiple of 5 as per Statistics New Zealand requirements; therefore numbers in each column do not sum to N = 1,260.
  2. bNon-respondents or missings on each variable are not shown.