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Table 2 Association between prevalence of NCD risk factors and ART status

From: Magnitude and risk factors of non-communicable diseases among people living with HIV in Tanzania: a cross sectional study from Mbeya and Dar es Salaam regions

Risk Both n (%) Patients on ART, n (%) Patients not on ART, n (%) χ2 P-value**
LDL (>2.6 mmol/l) 282/658(42.9) 173(61.3) 109(38.7) 13.68 p < 0.001
HDL (<1.03 mmol/l for Male, < 1.29 for Female) 473/658(71.9) 206(43.6) 267(56.4) 61.49 p < 0.001
TC (>6.2 mmo/l) 215/658(32.7) 154(71.6) 61(28.4) 44.3 p < 0.001
Triglycerides (≥2 mmol/l) 109/658(16.6) 73(67.0) 36(33.0) 10.18 0.001
Overweight/Obesity (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) 175/671(26.2) 107(61.1) 68(38.9) 6.68 0.01
Waist circumference (male ≥94 cm/female >80 cm) 303/650(46.6) 116(38.3) 187(61.7) 15.83 p < 0.001
Aged >40 years 275/671(41.0) 174(63.3) 101(36.7) 20.67 p < 0.001
1Smoking 26/671(3.9) 10(38.5) 16(61.5) 2.22 0.99
2Alcohol 221/671(32.9) 106(48.0) 115(52.0) 3.04 0.048
Consumed vegetables/fruits <5 days in a week 470/671(70.0) 240(51.1) 230(48.9) 1.81 0.104
3Never participate on vigorous intensity activity 321/671(47.8) 168(52.3) 153(47.7) 0.04 0.448
  1. **Comparison between patients on ART and those not on ART.
  2. 1Smoking: Current tobacco users (smoke and smokeless tobacco users).
  3. 2Alcohol: Used alcohol in the last 12 months.
  4. 3Never participate on vigorous intensity activity: included not participating on running, cycling, digging, manual construction works, brisk working).