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Table 1 Distribution of socio demographic factors among participants, by gender (n = 10644)

From: Analysis on associated factors of uncontrolled hypertension among elderly hypertensive patients in Southern China: a community-based, cross-sectional survey

Variables Men (n = 5117) Women (n = 5527) P-value
Age (years) 70.4 ± 7.3 70.3 ± 7.6 0.008
BMI (kg/m2) 23.6 ± 2.9 24.9 ± 3.4 0.003
Blood pressure (mm Hg)    
 Systolic 142.7 ± 15.7 142.6 ± 15.6 0.77
 Diastolic 84.38 ± 8.96 83.6 ± 8.8 0.19
Area of residence, n (%)    
 Urban 1468 (28.7) 1542 (27.9) 0.37
 Suburban 2144 (41.9) 2337 (42.3)
 Rural 1505 (29.4) 1648 (29.8)
Education, n (%)    
 College or higher 271 (5.3) 116 (2.1) <0.001
 Middle 1039 (20.3) 668 (12.1)
 Primary 2446 (47.8) 1766 (31.9)
 Illiterate 1361 (26.6) 2977 (53.9)
Family history of hypertension, n (%) 951 (18.6) 995 (18.0) 0.08
Smoker, n (%) 1229 (24.0) 425 (7.7) <0.001
Alcohol intake, n (%) 1298 (25.4) 452 (8.2) <0.001
Overweight, n (%) 1470 (28.7) 1678 (30.4) 0.01
Obesity, n (%) 315 (6.2) 531 (9.6) 0.003
Biochemical measurements    
 FBG (mmol/L) 5.32 ± 1.14 5.51 ± 1.33 0.002
 TG (mmol/L) 1.51 ± 0.93 1.75 ± 1.08 0.001
 TC (mmol/L) 4.48 ± 1.00 4.60 ± 1.06 0.03
 HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.45 ± 0.75 1.40 ± 0.58 0.06