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Table 2 The bivariate associations and the final multivariate models predicting change in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening intention (v. consistent negative intention) a among study participants (sample n = 692, weighted sample = 1,004)

From: Changes in colorectal cancer screening intention among people aged 18–49 in the United States

  Change in CRC screening Intentions
  Consistent positive intentionb New intentionc Discontinued intentiond
  Bivariate associations Final Model Bivariate associations Final model Bivariate associations Final model
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Intervention Status       
Intervention (v. control) 1.38 (0.65, 2.92) 1.52 (0.73, 3.16) 1.31 (0.81, 2.12) 1.63 (1.03, 2.57)** 0.82 (0.25, 2.76) 0.91 (0.20, 4.05)
Socio-demographics       
Age (SE) 1.03 (1.01, 1.06)** 1.04 (1.02, 1.07)** 1.02 (1.00, 1.05)* 1.04 (1.01, 1.07)** 1.02 (1.00, 1.05)* 1.02 (0.98, 1.06)
Male (v. female) 1.89 (1.05. 3.43)** 2.28 (1.06, 4.09)** 1.65 (0.58, 4.74) 2.05 (0.64, 6.61) 1.80 (0.39, 8.21) 1.90 (0.38, 9.45)
Race/ethnicity       
Hispanic (v. White/Other) 0.83 (0.39, 1.79)   0.76 (0.29, 2.00)   1.30 (0.38, 4.48)  
Black (v. White/Other) 0.70 (0.27, 1.77)   0.91 (0.34, 2.45)   0.57 (0.14, 2.32)  
Below/At poverty line (v. above) 1.26 (0.77, 2.06)   1.38 (0.76, 2.52)   1.47 (0.73, 2.98)  
Education       
< high school diploma (HSD) (v. > HSD) 1.23 (0.85, 1.77)   1.30 (0.86, 1.98)   0.91 (0.40, 2.03)  
HSD or equivalent (v. > HSD) 1.23 (0.72, 2.07)   1.50 (0.77, 2.93)   1.11 (0.37, 3.36)  
Place of birth       
US 1.51 (0.79, 2.86) 1.94 (1.06, 3.53)** 3.04 (1.84, 5.02)** 3.71 (2.21, 6.23)** 1.48 (0.58, 3.77)  
Puerto Rico 1.63 (1.10, 2.42)** 1.54 (1.07, 2.21)** 2.10 (0.98, 4.49)* 1.99 (0.84, 4.68) 1.36, (0.58, 3.19)  
Other REF REF REF REF REF  
English 1st language (Yes v. no) 1.38 (0.85, 2.24)   1.89 (1.09, 3.28)**   1.09 (0.53, 2.27)  
Insurance status       
None (v. Public + private) 1.04 (0.27, 3.92)   1.73 (0.34, 8.87)   0.87 (0.20, 3.88)  
Public only (v. Public + private) 0.97 (0.35, 2.70)   2.25 (0.46, 10.90)   0.90 (0.28, 2.92)  
Private only (v. Public + private) 1.21 (0.48, 3.06)   1.87 (0.45, 7.72)   0.78 (0.23, 2.68)  
Contextual factors       
Social cohesion (mean) 1.32 (0.94, 1.87)   1.30 (0.78, 2.17)   0.98 (0.47, 2.04)  
# Role responsibilities (0-1 v. 2–3) 0.64 (0.41, 1.00)**   0.91 (0.45, 1.83)   0.47 (0.27, 0.84)** 0.49 (0.27, 0.90)**
Roles conflicts (yes v. no)e 1.21 (0.79, 1.87)   0.61 (0.30, 1.25)   1.86 (0.92, 3.72)*  
Health care factors       
Have regular MD or NPe (yes v. no) 1.05 (0.62, 1.75)   0.71 (0.43, 1.17)   0.69 (0.42, 1.14)  
MDR/NP understands social context       
0 (v. 3) 0.63 (0.40, 0.98)**   0.99 (0.54. 1.79)   0.98 (0.39, 2.47)  
1 (v. 3) 0.88 (0.40, 1.90)   1.44 (0.29, 7.24)   1.62 (0.57, 4.62)  
2 (v. 3) 1.08 (0.70, 1.65)   0.88 (0.46. 1.69)   0.61 (0.13, 2.78)  
# times saw regular MD/NP last year       
0 (v. 12+) 0.65 (0.27, 1.55)   1.30 (0.34, 4.95)   0.87 (0.12, 6.32)  
1-3 (v. 12+) 0.93 (0.49, 1.78)   0.81 (0.26, 2.50)   1.11 (0.12, 10.16)  
4 < 12 (v. 12+) 1.14 (0.59, 2.19)   0.94 (0.32, 2.76)   1.14 (0.11, 11.79)  
  1. Notes: aFor all models “consistent negative intention [no screening intention at baseline and follow-up]” is the referent; bContinued positive intention (yes at baseline and follow-up); cNew screening intention (no at baseline , yes at follow-up); dDiscontinued intention (yes at baseline, no at follow-up); e OR = odds ratio; f NP = nurse practitioner; eNumber of role responsibilities is the number of roles (earning money to support the family; taking care of children, taking care of household) for which the participant had most or all the responsibility. *significant at p = .10; **significant at p = 0.05.