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Table 5 Multivariable regression for weight risk factors

From: The prevalence of underweight, overweight, obesity and associated risk factors among school-going adolescents in seven African countries

   Underweight Overweight Obese
Multivariable model* OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Male sex   2.03 (1.75-2.36) 0.76 (0.63-0.93) 1.00 (0.76-1.34)
Age (ref = ≤12) 13 1.14 (0.90-1.45) 0.76 (0.64-0.90) 0.69 (0.52-0.92)
  14 1.21 (0.97-1.51) 0.61 (0.48-0.77) 0.66 (0.48-0.90)
  15 1.14 (0.90-1.45) 0.48 (0.37-0.61) 0.43 (0.24-0.75)
  16+ 0.89 (0.68-1.17) 0.50 (0.37-0.68) 0.41 (0.24-0.69)
Food insecurity 0.93 (0.78-1.10) 1.06 (0.86-1.31) 1.02 (0.71-1.46)
Vegetables 0.97 (0.85-1.11) 0.97 (0.85-1.11) 0.95 (0.68-1.31)
Fruit   0.96 (0.83-1.09) 1.15 (1.01-1.31) 1.20 (0.94-1.53)
Risk factors with only partial data**   
Soft drinks 0.95 (0.80-1.13) 0.99 (0.77-1.27) 1.30 (0.88-1.92)
Fast food   1.09 (0.87-1.35) 1.12 (0.90-1.40) 1.28 (0.85-1.95)
Consistently active 0.93 (0.80-1.08) 1.23 (0.97-1.56) 1.13 (0.66-1.96)
Phys. Ed. 3+ days a week 0.97 (0.80-1.18) 1.20 (0.96-1.49) 1.51 (1.02-2.24)
Sitting 3+ hours a day 1.02 (0.88-1.19) 1.23 (0.97-1.56) 1.50 (0.94-2.40)
Does not walk/bike to school 0.94 (0.82-1.07) 0.98 (0.86-1.11) 1.00 (0.77-1.28)
Parental involvement index    
  1 0.95 (0.79-1.15) 1.17 (0.98-1.41) 1.05 (0.75-1.45)
  2 1.03 (0.87-1.23) 1.20 (0.99-1.45) 0.95 (0.72-1.26)
  3 0.97 (0.79-1.19) 1.25 (1.01-1.56) 1.14 (0.85-1.53)
  1. *Sex, age, country, food insecurity, vegetables, and fruit adjusted for simultaneously.
  2. **Adjusted for country, age and sex. Data not available for all countries for every variable.
  3. Bolding indicates significance at p<0.05.