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Table 2 Comparison of categorical variables between hairdressers with and without lower limb varicose veins (VV)

From: Varicose veins in hairdressers and associated risk factors: a cross-sectional study

Variables With VV Without VV p value
  N (%) N (%)  
Total 44 (24.2) 138 (75.8)  
Sex    0.529*
Women 42 (25.3) 124 (74.7)  
Men 2 (13.3) 13 (86.7)  
Age (year)    
≤ 35 3 (9.4) 29 (90.6)  
36-45 12 (48.8) 31 (51.2)  
46-55 10 (23.2) 33 (76.8)  
> 55 15 (34.9) 28 (65.1)  
Family history of VV    0.011**
Yes 11 (47.8) 12 (52.2)  
No 32 (22.7) 109 (77.3)  
Constipation    0.192**
Yes 6 (37.5) 10 (62.5)  
No 38 (22.9) 128 (77.1)  
Regular sport activities    0.607**
Yes 21 (26.6) 58 (73.4)  
No 23 (23.2) 76 (76.8)  
Smoking    0.764*
Yes 3 (18.8) 13 (81.2)  
No 41 (25.3) 121 (75.7)  
Drinking    0.564*
Yes 3 (17.6) 14 (82.4)  
No 41 (27.0) 111 (73.0)  
Standing housework    0.042**
Yes 38 (29.0) 93 (71.0)  
No 6 (13.6) 38 (86.4)  
  1. *Fisher’s exact test; **Pearson’s chi-square test.