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Table 1 Descriptive statistics

From: Associations between work-related stress in late midlife, educational attainment, and serious health problems in old age: a longitudinal study with over 20 years of follow-up

  Number of domains with serious health problems High educationa(%)
  None 1 domain 2-3 domainsb Total  
Sex (%)      
 Women 56.4 30.8 12.7 785 48.1
 Men 67.4 24.1 8.5 717 55.4
Age      
 Mean (baseline year) 55.6 56.9 58.6 56.3 55.9
 Median 57.0 57.0 59.0 57.0 57.0
 Mean (follow-up year) 80.6 81.1 81.7 80.9 80.4
 Median 80.0 81.0 81.0 80.0 80.0
Job demands (%)      
 Low demands 58.4 31.2 10.4 452 38.9
 Medium demands 64.1 25.1 10.8 554 47.7
 High demands 61.9 27.2 10.9 1496 67.8
Job control (%)      
 Low control 52.1 33.1 14.8 263 30.2
 Medium low control 59.3 28.3 12.4 605 29.5
 Medium high control 63.6 27.0 9.4 415 74.9
 High control 75.8 20.6 3.7 219 95.1
High job strain c (%) 57.3 29.1 13.6 546 34.0
Level of education (%)     
 Low 54.9 31.6 13.5 725  
 High 68.0 23.9 8.1 777 (51.7%) 51.7
TOTAL n d (%) 926 (61.7) 415 (27.6) 161 (10.7) 1502  
  1. aLevel of education was dichotomized as low education (compulsory; 6-8 years of education for most of the study participants) and high education (vocational, upper secondary, and university). bThose with serious problems in two or three health domains were classified as having complex health problems. cJob strain: Control was dichotomized into low and medium low vs. high and medium high. High strain = high demands and low control. dIndicates total number of observations.