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Table 3 Association (Odds Ratio with 95% CI) of quality of parentchild relationship and segmentation variable with life-time alcohol use, recent alcohol use and binge drinking, adjusted for socio-demographic characteristics

From: Alcohol segment-specific associations between the quality of the parent–child relationship and adolescent alcohol use

   Life-time alcohol use Recent alcohol use Binge drinking
Age Wald F 1510.67** 1091.60** 1034.00**
   3.14** 2.83** 2.26**
   (2.97-3.33) (2.66-3.00) (2.15-2.38)
Sex Wald F 22.09** 10.47** 5.82*
  Boys   Ref Ref Ref
  Girls   1.48** 1.30** 0.83*
   (1.25-1.73) (1.11-1.53) (0.71-0.97)
Ehtnicity Wald F 55.78** 40.26** 19.02**
  Native   Ref Ref Ref
  Western ethnic minority   0.73 0.52** 0.68**
   (0.46-1.11) (0.35-0.78) (0.48-0.97)
  Non-Western ethnic minority   0.14** 0.21** 0.35**
   (0.10-0.20) (0.15-0.30) (0.25-0.49)
Quality relationship with parents Wald F 21.46** 8.25** 13.69**
   0.98 0.99 0.97
   (0.91-1.05) (0.89-1.10) (0.90-1.06)
Segment Wald F 3.94** 0.99 2.47*
  Ordinaries   Ref Ref Ref
  High Spirits   6.49** 5.32** 4.69**
   (5.07-8.29) (4.21-6.72) (3.93-5.61)
  Consciously sobers   0.05** 0.04** 0.03**
   (0.04-0.07) (0.03-0.06) (0.02-0.06)
  Ordinary sobers   0.13** 0.15** 0.08**
   (0.09-0.18) (0.10-0.22) (0.04-0.15)
  Socials   1.00 0.96 0.73*
   (0.77-1.30) (0.72-1.28) (0.56-0.95)
Interaction between quality of parent–child relationship and segment Wald F 1.19 1.90 2.86*
  Ordinaries   0.91** 0.95* 0.96*
   (0.88-0.93) (0.92-0.97) (0.94-0.99)
  High Spirits   0.93* 0.99 0.98
   (0.87-0.98) (0.95-1.03) (0.94-1.02)
  Consciously sobers   0.93 0.93 0.83
   (0.84-1.03) (0.82-1.06) (0.84-1.08)
  Ordinary sobers   0.90** 0.88** 0.79**
   (0.83-0.97) (0.81-0.95) (0.70-0.89)
  Socials   1.00 0.99 0.97
   (0.92-1.05) (0.89-1.10) (0.90-1.06)
Nagelkerke R2   .75 .71 .61
  1. *p ≤ .05.
  2. **p ≤ .01.