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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population (18–64 years) in the Netherlands and Germany

From: How immigrants adapt their smoking behaviour: comparative analysis among Turkish immigrants in Germany and the Netherlands

  The Netherlands (1997–2004) Germany (2009)
Variable Item n % Item n %
Age (in years) 18-29 675 32.05 18-29 853 13.09
30-44 998 47.39 30-44 3179 48.78
45-64 433 20.56 45-64 485 38.13
Total 2106 100.00 Total 6517 100.00
  Mean: 35.86 (SD: 10.73) Mean: 42.00 (SD: 11.00)
Sex Men 1122 53.28 Men 3287 50.44
Women 984 46.72 Women 3230 49.56
Total 2106 100.00 Total 6517 100.00
Immigration year to host country 1     2000-2009 728 11.17
1980 and later 1081 51.33 1980-1999 2993 45.93
1979 and earlier 986 46.82 1979 and earlier 2556 39.22
Missing 39 1.85 Missing 240 3.68
Total 2106 100.00 Total 6517 100.00
  Mean length of stay: 18.25 (SD: 8.34) Mean length of stay: 24.30 (SD: 10.94)
Length of stay in Turkey (in years) 0-17 1006 47.77 0-17 2822 43.30
18 and longer 1061 50.38 18 and longer 3455 53.02
Missing 39 1.85 Missing 240 3.68
Total 2106 100.00 Total 6517 100.00
  Mean: 17.62 (SD: 9.27) Mean: 18.14 (SD: 9.25)
Education 2     ISCED 1 (low) 2188 33.57
ISCED 2 (low) 2256 34.62
Low 1197 56.84 ISCED 3/4 (high) 1703 26.13
High 587 27.87 ISCED 5/6 (high) 342 5.25
Not coded3 or missing 322 15.29 Missing 28 0.43
Total 2106 100.00 Total 6517 100.00
Occupation Existent 1043 49.53 Existent 3457 53.05
Non-existent 1063 50.47 Non-existent 3060 46.95
Total 2106 100.00 Total 6517 100.00
Net income per month 4     Low (<900€) 2115 32.45
Middle (900€ until <2000€) 2063 31.66
Existent 1298 61.63 High (2000€ +) 730 11.20
Non-existent 350 16.62 Non-existent 1198 18.38
Not coded3 or missing 458 21.75 Missing 411 6.31
Total 2106 100.00 Total 6517 100.00
  1. 1Only two categories for the Dutch data as number of cases between 2000 and 2004 was only n = 26.
  2. 2Country-specific classification of education in the Netherlands (‘low’ means only compulsory education) compared to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) in Germany; ISCED levels 1 + 2 are referred to as ‘low education’, levels 3 to 6 are referred to as ‘high education’.
  3. 3In the Dutch survey from 1998 some information were not coded in the dataset for the stated number of participants in the table; missing information could not be retrieved.
  4. 4Income refers to all possible sources of income, not only to salary.