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Table 4 Bivariate associations between independent variables and quality of life

From: Quality of life among people living with hypertension in a rural Vietnam community

Characteristics QOL scores
Physical health (Mean (SD)) Psychological health (Mean (SD)) Social relationships (Mean (SD)) Environment (Mean (SD))
Age     
Coefficient - 0.49 - 0.34 - 0.09 - 0.19
p < 0.001 < 0.001 0.29 0.002
Sex     
Men 57.6 (13.7) 52.7 (11.9) 66.3 (12.2) 62.1 (9.9)
Women 52.7 (15.5) 47.2 (12.9) 62.6 (15.1) 57.7 (10.3)
p 0.006 < 0.001 0.026 < 0.001
Education     
Under secondary school 52.8 (15.3) 47.8 (12.4) 62.6 (14.3) 57.9 (9.9)
Higher 57.6 (13.9) 51.8 (12.9) 66.3 (13.4) 61.9 (10.7)
p 0.01 0.012 0.035 0.002
Working status     
Currently working 59.8 (13.5) 51.7 (11.9) 65.9 (13.2) 61.7 (9.8)
Not working 51.8 (14.9) 48.1 (13.0) 63.0 (14.5) 58.3 (10.5)
p < 0.001 0.026 0.094 0.008
Marital status     
Married 57.4 (13.8) 51.8 (11.6) 66.4 (12.6) 61.4 (9.5)
Single/widowed/divorced/separated 48.4 (15.6) 43.8 (13.6) 58.8 (15.9) 55.1 (11.1)
p < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Religion     
Buddhist 55.1 (15.4) 49.3 (12.5) 63.1 (14.9) 58.8 (11.1)
None religion 54.1 (13.9) 49.7 (12.9) 65.5 (12.7) 60.5 (9.8)
Others 55.6 (16.9) 49.1 (13.2) 63.1 (14.8) 58.7 (9.7)
p 0.845 0.961 0.357 0.417
Economic status     
Normal households 54.9 (14.5) 49.7 (12.4) 64.3 (13.9) 59.8 (10.1)
Poor households 51.1 (22.5) 43.8 (17.9) 60.1 (16.0) 54.1 (13.9)
p 0.554 0.262 0.299 0.053
Physical activities     
Low level 47.9 (13.3) 43.9 (10.8) 60.6 (15.6) 56.0 (9.9)
Moderate level 60.1 (13.9) 53.8 (12.4) 67.3 (11,82) 62.4 (9,7)
High level 55.5 (15.8) 50.1 (13.7) 60.4 (15.6) 58.6 (12.2)
p < 0.001 < 0.001 0.004 < 0.001
Duration of illness     
<1 year 59.5 (14.3) 52.3 (11.8) 63.4 (15.8) 59.9 (9.8)
1 to less than 5 years 54.7 (14.8) 48.9 (13.0) 65.3 (12.6) 59.7 (10.4)
5 to less than 10 years 51.6 (10.8) 50.3 (9.4) 65.3 (9.6) 62.0 (8.6)
10+ years 45.0 (16.0) 42.8 (14.4) 58.2 (19.0) 54.9 (12.9)
p < 0.001 0.01 0.548* 0.079
Adherence to treatment     
No 48.0 (13.4) 44.2 (11.1) 61.2 (14.7) 56.1 (10.4)
Yes 60.6 (13.7) 53.9 (12.4) 66.6 (13.0) 62.5 (9.4)
p <0.001 <0.001 0.002 <0.001
Presence of co-morbidity     
No 58.5 (13.7) 50.5 (12.5) 64.5 (13.5) 60.4 (10.2)
Yes 48.7 (14.8) 47.6 (12.9) 63.4 (14.9) 58.0 (10.4)
p <0.001 0.069 0.507 0.056