Skip to main content

Table 4 Factors associated with overweight in kindergartners aged 3 to 6-years a

From: Child-caregivers’ body weight and habitual physical activity status is associated with overweight in kindergartners

Variables ORb 95% CI for ORc P*
Kindergarten teachers BMI status d    
Overweight 1.97 1.01 - 3.83 0.047
Normal weight 1.00   
Kindergarten teachers Habitual Physical Activity (HPA) score d,e    
6.83-8.23 2.32 1.10 - 4.92 0.028
8.30-9.94 1.00   
Sex    
Boy 2.53 1.17 - 5.50 0.019
Girl 1.00   
Maternal BMI 1.10 1.01 - 1.20 0.033
Paternal BMI 1.29 1.15 - 1.45 <0.001
Parental Habitual Physical Activity (HPA) score d    
4.88-8.25 2.54 1.02 - 6.35 0.045
8.38-14.38 1.00   
Maternal smoking during pregnancy    
No 0.05 0.03 - 0.94 0.045
Yes 1.00   
Children’s TV/DVD time (on weekends)    
<1 h daily 0.11 0.02 – 0.73 0.022
1-2 h daily 0.13 0.02 – 0.73 0.020
>2 h daily 1.00   
Parental PC/Internet time (on weekdays)    
≤2 h daily 0.27 0.09 - 0.89 0.030
>2 h daily 1.00   
Parental PC/Internet time (on weekends)    
≤2 h daily 0.10 0.02 - 0.72 0.022
>2 h daily 1.00   
Television use during meals    
Never/seldom 0.36 0.13 - 0.98 0.035
Sometimes/often/always 1.00   
Daily time children attended the kindergarten    
until 12:00 (noon) 0.47 0.08 - 2.56 0.381
until 2:00 pm 0.05 0.01 - 0.52 0.012
until 4:00 pm 0.44 0.09 - 2.11 0.301
around 4:30 pm 0.38 0.08 - 1.89 0.237
5:00 pm and later 1.00   
  1. aOnly significant associations are displayed.
  2. bOR = Odds ratios.
  3. cOR and 95% confidence intervals (CI) are from multiple logistic regression analysis in which all independent variables were included simultaneously: Kindergarten teachers BMI, kindergarten teachers age, kindergarten teachers habitual physical activity, kindergarten teachers habitual slothful behavior index, children’s sex, children’s migration background, educational level, parental BMI, parental habitual physical activity, children’s total fundamental movement skill score, habitual slothful behavior factors 1-3, smoking during pregnancy, duration of exclusively breastfeeding, birth weight, born small for gestational age, social environment of the kindergarten (LSI), children’s screen time activities, daily parental child-care behavior, parental screen time activity behavior, daily time children attended to the kindergarten.
  4. dData assessed in the KTHS (Hoffmann et al. [18]).
  5. eHabitual physical activity score was calculated by the work index, the leisure-time index, and the sport index. Scores were dichotomized. The lower the score, the more likely the participant had lower physical activity levels.
  6. *Significant difference at p ≤ 0.05.