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Table 3 Final parental sample descriptions of the items of HPA a , screen time activity, overweight status, and parental perception of weight status and associated health risks stratified by sex (n = 434)

From: Child-caregivers’ body weight and habitual physical activity status is associated with overweight in kindergartners

Item Mothers Fathers P* Kindergarten teachersb
n % Mean SDc n % Mean SDc n % Mean SDc
Habitual physical activity scores d,e 371 99.7    62 100     193 61.7   
Work - - 2.6 0.7 - - 2.6 0.8 0.825 - - 2.8 0.4
Sport - - 2.6 0.7 - - 2.7 0.5 0.196 - - 2.7 0.6
Leisure-time - - 3.2 0.6 - - 3.1 0.6 0.236 - - 2.7 0.7
HPA score - - 8.3 1.4 - - 8.4 1.2 0.606 - - 8.3 1.2
Screen time activity f 372 100.0    62 100.0        
TV/DVD on weekdays, ≤2 h/daily 334 89.8 - - 55 88.7 - - 0.822 232 76.1 - -
TV/DVD on weekdays, >2 h/daily 38 10.2 - - 7 11.3 - -   73 23.9 - -
TV/DVD on weekends, ≤2 h/daily 287 77.2 - - 45 72.6 - - 0.423 150 49.5 - -
TV/DVD on weekends, >2 h/daily 85 22.8 - - 17 27.4 - -   153 50.5 - -
PC/Internet on weekdays, ≤2 h/daily 296 79.6 - - 43 69.4 - - 0.096 284 92.5 - -
PC/Internet on weekdays, >2 h/daily 76 20.4 - - 19 30.6 - -   23 7.5 - -
PC/Internet on weekends, ≤2 h/daily 339 91.1 - - 49 79.0 - - 0.007 255 83.9 - -
PC/Internet on weekends, >2 h/daily 33 8.9 - - 13 21.0 - -   49 16.1 - -
BMI status f 362 97.3 - - 60 96.8 - -      
Overweight and obese 128 35.4 - - 32 53.3 - - 0.008 129 41.2 - -
Perception of weight status and associated health risks f 371 99.7    62 100.0     312 99.7   
General ability to identify overweight silhouettes 172 46.4 - - 28 45.2 - - 0.861 - 44.6 - -
Parents and kindergarten teachers who identified overweight silhouettes as at risk for physical health problems 125 33.7 - - 20 32.3 - - 0.825 - 40.1 - -
Parents and kindergarten teachers who identified overweight silhouettes as at risk for mental health problems 88 23.7 - - 9 14.5 - - 0.108 - 21.2 - -
  1. aHPA = Habitual physical activity according to Baecke et al. [23].
  2. bModified data of health risk behaviors of kindergarten teachers are taken from the Kindergarten Teacher Health Study (KTHS) by Hoffmann et al. [18].
  3. cSD = Standard deviation.
  4. dSex differences tested with the Mann-Whitney-U-Test.
  5. eSex differences tested with the independent t-test.
  6. fSex differences tested with the χ2-test.
  7. *P < 0.05. Values in bold indicate statistical significance.