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Table 2 Descriptive characteristics of total available parental reports stratified by sex (n = 830) compared to data of the KTHS (n = 313) a

From: Child-caregivers’ body weight and habitual physical activity status is associated with overweight in kindergartners

Item Mothers Fathers Kindergarten teachers
n % Mean SDb n % Mean SDb n % Mean SDb
Age, years* 432 99.5 36.3 5.4 398 91.7 39.7 6.5 313 100.0 37.2 10.6
Height, cm* 428 98.6 167.8 6.3 388 89.4 179.9 9.5 313 100.0 167.1 7.2
Weight, kg* 420 96.8 67.4 13.0 379 87.3 83.4 12.6 313 100.0 70.8 15.8
BMI, kg/m 2 * 420 96.8 24.1 4.5 379 87.3 25.6 3.2 313 100.0 25.4 5.5
BMI b groups c *             
Underweight 17 4.0 - - 3 0.8 - - 10 3.2 - -
Normal weight 263 62.6 - - 176 46.7 - - 174 55.6 - -
Overweight 92 21.9 - - 166 44.0 - - 73 23.3 - -
Obese 48 11.4 - - 32 8.5 - - 56 17.9 - -
Smoking status d             
Current smoker* 88 20.4 - - 106 26.1 - - 84 26.8 - -
Number of cigarettes/day* 84 95.5 8.0 4.9 99 93.4 13.1 9.0 80 95.2 10.4 6.0
Nonsmoker* 344 79.6 - - 300 73.9 - - 229 73.2 - -
Former smoker/Stop smoking (yrs) 48 14.0 7.5 4.6 49 16.3 8.0 6.4 60 19.2 8.0 5.9
Country of birth             
Germany 315 72.7 - - 306 72.5 - - 265 84.7 - -
Foreign country 118 27.3 - - 116 27.5 - - 48 15.3 - -
Nationality*             
German 340 78.5 - - 345 81.6 - - - - - -
Non-German 93 21.5 - - 78 18.4 - - - - - -
Socio-economic position e *             
Low educational level 138 31.8 - - 112 27.4 - - - - - -
Middle educational level 64 14.7 - - 60 14.7 - - - - - -
High educational level 232 53.5 - - 237 57.9 - - - - - -
  1. aModified data of kindergarten teachers are taken from the Kindergarten Teacher Health Study (KTHS) by Hoffmann et al. [18].
  2. aSD = Standard deviation.
  3. bBMI = Body mass index.
  4. cBMI groups according to WHO [31].
  5. dClassification according to DESTATIS [41].
  6. eSocio-economic position is classified according to Sacerdote [32].
  7. *Sex differences significant at p ≤ 0.05.