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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics (Mean ± SD a ) of the total children study sample stratified by sex

From: Child-caregivers’ body weight and habitual physical activity status is associated with overweight in kindergartners

Item Boys Girls P* Total
N 243 191   434
Age 4.8 ± 1.0 5.0 ± 1.0 0.009 4.9 ± 1.0
Height, cm 109.8 ± 7.8 110.5 ± 8.5 0.349 110.1 ± 8.3
Height SDS 0.5 ± 1.1 0.4 ± 1.0 0.641 0.4 ± 1.0
Weight, kg 19.6 ± 3.8 19.4 ± 3.5 0.910 19.5 ± 3.7
Weight SDS 0.5 ± 1.1 0.3 ± 0.9 0.158 0.4 ± 1.0
BMI, kg/m2 16.2 ± 1.6 15.8 ± 1.4 0.043 16.0 ± 1.5
BMI SDS 0.3 ± 1.2 0.1 ± 0.9 0.109 0.2 ± 1.0
Thinness grade I, % (n)b 4.9 (12) 6.3 (12) 0.027** 5.5 (24)
Normal weight, % (n) 72.8 (177) 81.2 (155)   76.5 (332)
Overweight, % (n) 15.6 (38) 11.0 (21)   13.7 (59)
Obese, % (n) 6.6 (16) 1.6 (3)   4.4 (19)
  1. aSD = Standard deviation.
  2. bThinness Grade I-III were combined into one single thinness grade I due to small sample size.
  3. *P < 0.05. Values in bold indicate statistical significance.
  4. Mann-Whitney-U-Test.
  5. Independent t-test.
  6. **χ2-test.