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Table 3 Communities’ knowledge about the signs/symptoms, mode of transmission, prevention and treatment of TB in Shinile town, Somali regional state, eastern Ethiopia from January to May, 2013

From: Community knowledge, attitude, and practices towards tuberculosis in Shinile town, Somali regional state, eastern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Knowledge variable Number (%) of male Number (%) of female Total number (%)
Signs/symptoms of TB
Cough for 2 weeks 158 (76.7) 139 (68.1) 297 (72.4)
Sputum with blood 117 (56.8) 97 (47.6) 214 (52.2)
Weight loss 56 (27.2) 53 (26.0) 109 (26.6)
Loss of appetite 37 (18.0) 34 (16.7) 71 (17.3)
Fever and sweat 32 (15.5) 26 (12.8) 58 (14.2)
Chest pain 60 (29.1) 59 (28.9) 119 (29.0)
Other (skin rash, etc.) 3 (1.5) 0 (0.0) 3 (0.7)
Don’t know 4 (1.9) 2 (1.0) 6 (1.5)
Can TB be transmitted?
Yes 169 (82.0) 157 (80.0) 326 (80.0)
No 8 (3.9) 12 (5.9) 20 (4.9)
Don’t know 29 (14.1) 35 (17.2) 64 (15.6)
TB transmitted through
Hand shaking 8 (3.9) 12 (5.9) 20 (4.9)
Cough/breath 133 (64.6) 110 (53.9) 243 (59.3)
Sharing cups 74 (35.9) 72 (35.3) 146 (35.6)
Sharing feeding material 34 (16.5) 35 (17.2) 69 (16.8)
Touching items in public 19 (9.2) 11 (5.4) 30 (7.3)
Other (crowding, poor hygiene ) 2 (1.0) 3 (1.5) 5 (1.2)
Don’t know 3 (1.5) 4 (2.0) 7 (1.7)
Can TB be prevented?
Yes 165 (80.1) 160 (78.4) 325 (79.3)
No 10 (4.9) 8 (3.9) 18 (4.4)
Don’t know 31 (15.1) 36 (17.7) 67 (16.3)
Preventive methods of TB
Avoid shaking hand 5 (2.4) 6 (2.9) 11 (2.7)
Covering mouth 97 (47.1) 89 (43.6) 186 (45.4)
Avoid sharing cups 68 (33.0) 66 (32.4) 134 (32.7)
Early treatment 57 (27.7) 60 (29.4) 117 (28.5)
Good nutrition 28 (13.6) 22 (10.8) 50 (12.2)
Using separate rooms 94 (45.6) 71 (34.8) 165 (40.2)
Closing window 19 (9.2) 21 (10.3) 40 (9.8)
Other (good hygiene, etc.) 0 (0.0) 4 (2.0) 4 (1.0)
Don’t know 3 (1.5) 2 (1.0) 5 (1.2)
Is TB treatable?
Yes 182 (88.4) 178 (87.3) 360 (87.8)
No 5 (2.4) 3 (1.5) 8 (2.0)
Don’t know 19 (9.2) 23 (11.3) 42 (10.2)
Treatment method of TB
Herbal remedies 18 (8.7) 25 (12.3) 43 (10.5)
Home rest without treatment 12 (5.8) 13 (6.4) 25 (6.1)
Pray 30 (14.6) 36 (17.7) 66 (16.1)
Modern drug 143 (69.4) 136 (66.7) 279 (68.1)
Self-treatment 75 (36.4) 76 (37.3) 151 (36.8)
Other (respecting elders, etc.) 1 (0.2) 2 (0.5) 3 (0.8)
Don’t know 0 (0.0) 2 (1.0) 2 (0.5)