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Table 2 Factors independently associated with stunting among children of age 24 to 59 months in Meskan district, Gurage Zone, South Ethiopia, March 2013

From: Factors associated with stunting among children of age 24 to 59 months in Meskan district, Gurage Zone, South Ethiopia: a case-control study

Variable Case Control Crude OR Adjusted OR
  Nº (%) Nº (%) (95% CI) (95% CI)
Family size     
 2-4 (ref.) 24(19.8) 44(36.4) - -
 5-7 73(60.3) 60(49.6) 2.231(1.22, 4.08)** 2.97(1.41, 6.29)**
 8-10 24(19.8) 17(14) 2.59(1.17, 5.74)* 4.44(1.65, 11.95)**
Number of under 5 children     
 1 (ref.) 41(33.9) 66(54.5) - -
 2 60(49.6) 48(39.7) 2.01(1.17, 3.47)* 1.88(0.97, 3.61)
 3 20(16.5) 7(5.8) 4.60(1.79, 11.83)** 3.77(1.33, 10.74)*
Maternal Occupation     
 Farmer 50(41.3) 38(31.4) 2.018(1.15, 3.55)** 3.92(1.89, 8.16)**
 Merchant 26(21.5) 14(11.6) 2.85(1.35, 6.03)* 4.03(1.60, 10.17)**
 House wife (ref.) 45(37.2) 69(57.0) - -
Duration of breast feeding     
 < 24 months 16(13.2) 4(3.3) 4.46(1.44, 10.8)** 5.61(1.49, 11.08)*
 ≥ 24 months(ref.) 105(86.8) 117(96.7) - -
Duration of EBF     
 For 6 months (ref.) 86(71.1) 105(86.8) - -
 Below 6 months 21(17.4) 13(10.7) 1.972(0.93, 4.17) 3.27(1.21, 8.82)*
 Above 6 months 14(11.6) 3(2.5) 5.69(1.58, 10.5)** 7.62(1.80, 12.23)**
Method of feeding     
 Spoon & Cup (ref.) 50(41.3) 77(63.6) - -
 Bottle 29(24.0) 14(11.6) 3.190(1.54, 6.62)** 3.30(1.33, 8.17)**
 Hand 42(34.7) 30(24.8) 2.16(1.19, 3.88)** 3.04(1.46, 6.32)**
  1. Variables included in the adjusted model are wealth index, child age, diarrhea, ARI, type of complementary food, number of food group, delivery attendance, mother hand washing practice, source of drinking water and maternal knowledge.
  2. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, (ref.) - reference category.