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Table 4 Odds ratio for offspring chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP) associated with activity-interfering CMP in parents aged ≤65 years

From: Parental chronic pain in relation to chronic pain in their adult offspring: family-linkage within the HUNT Study, Norway

   Activity-interfering CMP
  No CMP Maternal Paternal Both parents
Daughters     
  Cases/non-cases 297/675 305/407 261/404 407/373
  Age-adjusted ORa (95% CI) 1.0 1.7 (1.4 to 2.1) 1.5 (1.2 to 1.8) 2.5 (2.0 to 3.0)
  Multivariably-adjusted ORb (95% CI) 1.0 1.4 (1.1 to 1.7) 1.3 (1.0 to 1.6) 1.9 (1.5 to 2.4)
Sons     
  Cases/non-Cases 169/486 190/355 160/283 219/324
  Age-adjusted ORa (95% CI) 1.0 1.5 (1.2 to 2.0) 1.6 (1.3 to 2.1) 1.9 (1.5 to 2.5)
  Multivariably-adjusted ORb (95% CI) 1.0 1.3 (1.3 to 1.8) 1.5 (1.1 to 1.9) 1.6 (1.3 to 2.2)
  1. Abbreviations: CI, Confidence interval; OR, Odds ratio.
  2. aAdjusted for parental age (continuous) in HUNT2.
  3. bAdjusted for parental factors in HUNT2; age (continuous), body mass index ([kg/m2] continuous), leisure time physical activity (inactive, low, moderate, high, unknown), psychological well-being (satisfied, somewhat satisfied, dissatisfied, unknown), and education (<10 years, 10–12 years, ≥13 years, unknown).