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Table 3 Regression analyses with knowledge as the exposure and parental support and modelling as outcomes (n = 1,113)

From: Primary caregiver knowledge of paediatric physical activity recommendations in the United Kingdom and its association with caregiver behaviour: an observational study

Knowledge OR Univariate 95% CI p-value OR Multivariatea95% CI p-value
Communicate positive messages about physical activity (support) b
 No 1.00    1.00   
 Yes 1.55 1.15 to 2.08 0.004* 1.52 1.12 to 2.06 0.008*
Encourage child to be active (support) b
 No 1.00    1.00   
 Yes 0.92 0.61 to 1.38 0.673 0.94 0.62 to 1.42 0.754
Do physical activity with child (support) b
 No 1.00    1.00   
 Yes 0.93 0.69 to 1.27 0.663 0.97 0.70 to 1.33 0.835
Watch child participate in physical activity (support) b
 No 1.00    1.00   
 Yes 1.59 1.06 to 2.38 0.024* 1.69 1.11 to 2.55 0.013*
Show child enjoy physical activity (modelling) b
 No 1.00    1.00   
 Yes 1.53 1.10 to 2.13 0.011* 1.51 1.08 to 2.12 0.016*
Active in front of child (modelling) b
 No 1.00    1.00   
 Yes 1.20 0.89 to 1.62 0.230 1.18 0.87 to 1.61 0.286
Show enthusiasm about being active (modelling) b
 No 1.00    1.00   
 Yes 0.96 0.66 to 1.39 0.808 0.87 0.60 to 1.28 0.490
  1. *Significant at a p < 0.05 level. aAdjusting for maternal education, maternal ethnicity, maternal age, maternal BMI, co-habiting partner and other children in the home. bNo knowledge (reference category) versus knowledge for participants who often/very often provided component of parental support or modelling.