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Table 1 Participant characteristics and factors associated with sterilization history, N = 102

From: Factors associated with sterilization use among women leaving a U.S. jail: a mixed methods study

  N (%) or mean (min, max) Odds ratio (95% CI) for association with sterilization history Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) for association with sterilization history*
Age 33.72 (18, 60) 1.12 (1.06, 1.18)
White 16 (15.7) 1.02 (0.40, 2.59)**
Black 73 (71.6)
American Indian/Alaska 2 (2.0)
Native 3 (2.9)
Bi-Racial 1 (1.0)
Other 7 (6.9)
Latina  
High school education or more 72 (70.6) 0.58 (0.24, 1.41)
Employed prior to incarceration 35 (34.7) 1.00 (0.98, 1.01)
Number of pregnancies ever carried to full term 2.10 (0, 8) 2.10 (1.50, 2.96)
Ever had a tubal ligation 32 (31.4)
Ever had an unplanned pregnancy 62 (60.8) 1.35 (0.57, 3.23)
Ever exchanged sex for money, drugs, life necessities 25 (24.8) 2.77 (1.08, 7.10) 1.15 (0.36, 3.71)
Number of months incarcerated in lifetime 10.92 (0, 192) 1.02 (1.00, 1.04) 1.01 (0.99, 1.03)
Current depression 64 (62.7) 1.20 (0.50, 2.87)
Past year drug dependence 37 (36.3) 2.33 (0.99, 5.52) 1.07 (0.36, 3.19)
Lifetime alcohol problems 30 (30.0) 2.95 (1.19, 7.33) 1.77 (0.59, 5.29)
Past year intimate partner violence 42 (41.6) 1.37 (0.59, 3.20)
Physical abuse history before age 16 31 (30.4) 2.98 (1.22, 7.26) 3.70 (1.17, 11.66)
Sexual abuse history before age 16 33 (32.4) 1.71 (0.71, 4.11)
  1. Statistically significant odds ratios boldfaced in Table 1, p ≤ 0.05.
  2. *Models adjusted for age, number of pregnancies ever carried to full term. Adjusted models only run for statistically significant associations in column three of Table 1.
  3. **Black, non-Latina compared to all other groups.