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Table 2 Odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of poor self-rated health by socioeconomic characteristics

From: Levels and distribution of self-rated health in the Kazakh population: results from the Kazakhstan household health survey 2012

Characteristic   Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Education Primary or less 1.0 1.0 1.0
Vocational 0.58 (0.46-0.73) 0.56 (0.44-0.71) 0.58 (0.45-0.73)
Secondary 0.51 (0.40-0.64) 0.55 (0.43-0.69) 0.54 (0.42-0.69)
University 0.36 (0.27-0.47) 0.42 (0.31-0.56) 0.43 (0.32-0.58)
Income quartile Q1 (lowest) 1.0 1.0 1.0
Q2 0.77 (0.61-0.98) 0.81 (0.64-1.03) 0.78 (0.61-0.99)
Q3 0.66 (0.51-0.86) 0.73 (0.55-0.94) 0.81 (0.62-1.05)
Q4 (highest) 0.63 (0.47-0.85) 0.72 (0.53-0.98) 0.85 (0.62-1.18)
Missing 0.90 (0.67-1.21) 0.95 (0.71-1.28) 1.00 (0.74-1.35)
Married Married 1.0 1.0 1.0
Unmarried 1.70 (1.41-2.06) 1.55 (1.28-1.89) 1.38 (1.13-1.69)
Ethnicity Kazakh 1.0 1.0 1.0
Russia 1.44 (1.18-1.75) 1.49 (1.22-1.82) 1.29 (1.05-1.59)
Other 1.11 (0.82-1.5) 1.06 (0.78-1.43) 1.00 (0.74-1.36)
Urban Urban 1.0 1.0 1.0
Rural 1.28 (1.06-1.54) 1.47 (1.2-1.78) 1.28 (1.05-1.56)
Car ownership No 1.0 1.0 1.0
Yes 0.52 (0.42-0.65) 0.55 (0.44-0.68) 0.64 (0.51-0.82)
Second house No 1.0 1.0 1.0
Yes 0.71 (0.43-1.17) 0.82 (0.50-1.35) 1.06 (0.64-1.77)
Computer No 1.0 1.0 1.0
Yes 0.64 (0.51-0.80) 0.71 (0.56-0.90) 0.81 (0.63-1.04)
  1. Model 1: adjusted for age, sex and region; Model 2: additionally adjusted for income and education; Model 3: adjusted for all variables in the table.