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Table 3 AOR* (95% CI) and 95% CIs for associations between ‘relationship situation’ variables and ever experiencing intimate partner violence among ever-partnered women aged 15-24

From: Intimate partner violence among adolescents and young women: prevalence and associated factors in nine countries: a cross-sectional study

    BGD urban   BGD rural   BRA urban   BRA rural   ETH rural   NAM urban   PER urban
   % AOR(95% CI) % AOR(95% CI) % AOR(95% CI) % AOR(95% CI) % AOR(95% CI) % AOR(95% CI) % AOR(95% CI)
Reasons for a man to hit partner None 42   21   81   60   7   76   60  
Any 58 1.68 79 0.77 19 2.13 40 2.01 93 2.98* 24 1.72 40 1.79
   [1.00,2.83]   [0.37,1.60]   [0.75,6.08]   [0.98,4.13]   [1.20,7.42]   [0.91,3.24]   [0.90,3.53]
Heavy drinking Neither 99   100   74   64   86   54   71  
He 1 2.44 0 . 7 9.84** 21 1.87 5 2.15 25 1.94* 19 0.85
   [0.16,37.19]   [0.16,37.19]   [2.18,44.34]   [0.82,4.25]   [0.62,7.46]   [1.00,3.77]   [0.34,2.10]
She 0 . 0 . 17 1.10 9 2.01 5 0.66 12 1.49 8 0.68
   -   -   [0.29,4.08]   [0.55,7.32]   [0.24,1.81]   [0.63,3.55]   [0.20,2.36]
Both 0 . 0 . 2 . 6 9.76** 4 6.01 9 1.16 2 2.81
   -   -   -   [2.39,39.79]   [0.67,53.53]   [0.45,2.98]   [0.23,34.88]
Partner has concurrent relationship (missing not shown) No 94   95   85   73   91   48   79  
Yes 4 7.31 2 . 10 1.19 19 2.60* 9 0.87 29 2.53** 15 2.17
   [0.68,79.16]   [0.68,79.16]   [0.26,5.52]   [1.16,5.83]   [0.39,1.96]   [1.37,4.69]   [0.80,5.91]
Partner involved in fight with man No 95   96   89   88   92   88   84  
Yes 5 7.74* 4 4.63 11 3.84* 12 5.04** 8 1.79 12 2.08 16 2.78*
   [1.46,40.94]   [0.37,58.41]   [1.05,14.11]   [1.89,13.45]   [0.68,4.68]   [0.90,4.82]   [1.06,7.34]
Woman’s first sexual intercourse Wanted 62   54   74   70   23   46   52  
Unwanted 15 0.81 18 2.34* 25 1.47 27 1.41 59 1.78* 48 2.07* 44 1.98*
   [0.41,1.60]   [1.20,4.57]   [0.54,3.97]   [0.65,3.03]   [1.02,3.12]   [1.16,3.67]   [1.02,3.86]
Forced 23 106.21*** 28 . 1 . 3 0.60 18 3.59** 6 2.77 4 6.21
    [13.99,806.63]   -   -   [0.08,4.61]   [1.63,7.89]   [0.88,8.70]   [0.99,38.90]
    PER rural   SMA   SRB urban   THA urban   THA rural   TAZ urban   TZA Rural
   % AOR(95% CI) % AOR(95% CI) % AOR(95% CI) % AOR(95% CI) % AOR(95% CI) % AOR(95% CI) % AOR(95% CI)
Reasons for a man to hit partner None 17   22   93   44   30   28   27  
Any 83 2.31 78 2.77* 7 0.18 56 0.57 70 0.53 72 1.54 73 2.26**
   [0.97,5.50]   [1.14,6.73]   [0.02,2.13]   [0.23,1.43]   [0.17,1.65]   [0.87,2.71]   [1.29,3.95]
Heavy drinking Neither 57   70   71   65   65   75   72  
He 25 2.63* 29 2.25* 3 . 18 2.30 25 3.17 10 1.28 8 3.74**
   [1.16,5.93]   [1.03,4.91]   -   [0.65,8.13]   [0.92,10.90]   [0.59,2.79]   [1.47,9.50]
She 10 0.98 0 . 23 2.74 9 1.06 6 1.00 7 3.21** 14 2.14*
   [0.37,2.60]   -   [0.78,9.66]   [0.22,5.10]   [0.13,8.01]   [1.40,7.32]   [1.09,4.17]
Both 8 6.05* 1 0.63 3 1.54 8 1.99 4 . 6 1.02 6 11.19**
   [1.22,30.13]   [0.03,12.69]   [0.11,20.72]   [0.32,12.28]   [0.32,12.28]   [0.41,2.56]   [2.15,58.13]
Partner has concurrent relationship (missing not shown) No 72   89   93   77   78   56   73  
Yes 18 3.07* 9 0.83 4 2.34 8 3.98 17 9.91* 13 2.49** 12 2.08
   [1.14,8.29]   [0.23,3.06]   [0.19,29.48]   [0.69,22.85]   [1.57,62.41]   [1.28,4.85]   [0.94,4.60]
Partner involved in fight with man No 80   81   77   82   78   96   97  
Yes 20 1.35 19 3.89** 23 4.85** 18 7.13** 22 2.85 4 0.75 3 9.25
   [0.57,3.21]   [1.53,9.92]   [1.55,15.13]   [1.94,26.28]   [0.79,10.24]   [0.24,2.35]   [0.84,101.75]
Woman’s first sexual intercourse Wanted 42   82   94   64   59   62   65  
Unwanted 37 3.91*** 12 1.89 5 . 33 1.66 30 2.44 24 1.36 15 0.95
   [1.96,7.79]   [0.65,5.52]   -   [0.60,4.64]   [0.68,8.69]   [0.78,2.36]   [0.49,1.87]
Forced 21 4.98*** 6 2.16 1 . 3 1.14 11 2.27 14 2.45** 20 2.46**
    [2.03,12.23]   [0.50,9.25]   -   [0.08,16.08]   [0.43,11.97]   [1.25,4.82]   [1.33,4.56]
  1. *Adjusted for age (continuous), educational differences, having a child with more than one biological father, socio-economic and marital status (data not shown due to lack of significance in most sites).
  2. *** = p-value<0.001, **= p-value <0.01, *= p-value<0.05.